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Easy English News May 07

Easy English News May 07

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10/17/2010

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Wordsin
black
printwith a star (
*
)are in
WORD HELP
on page 12.
What’s Inside?
 
What’s Inside?
Elizabeth Claire ’ 
NEWS
Easy English
See page 10 for prices and ordering information.
Life in the U.S.A.
Preparing for disaster*
Volume XII Number 9
May 2007
Events in May......................2, 3This Is Your Page...................4Ask Elizabeth.........................5Citizenship Test Questions.....5Heroes and HistoryThe U.S. in World War II...6, 7Idiom Corner..........................8Funny Stuff.............................8Effects of the War...................9Crossword Puzzle..................9Sudoku..................................9Answers to Quiz and Puzzles.11Let’s Talk About It..................11Word Help............................12
They all want to be President
who want to be the next President of the United States.George W. Bush will be President
 Democratic candidates*
 , left to right: Chris Dodd,
Senator*
from Connecticut; Barack Obama, Senator from Illinois; Dennis Kucinich,
Congressman*
from Ohio, Bill Richardson, Governor of New Mexico; Joe Biden, Senator from Delaware; Hillary Clinton, Senator from New York; John Edwards, former Senator from North Carolina.
 Republican* candidates
: Duncan Hunter, Congressman from California; Mike Huckabee, former Governor of Arkansas; Ron Paul, Congressman from Texas; John McCain, Senator from Arizona; Samuel D. Brownback, Senator from Kansas; Mitt Romney,
 former*
Governor of Massachusetts; Fred Dalton Thompson, former Senator fromTennessee; Tommy Thomson, former Governor of Wisconsin.(More on page 11)
Have you seen these faces in thenews? These are some of the peopleof the U.S. until January 20, 2009.That’s a year and a half from now.These people are hoping to takehis place. But first, they must win the
general election*
November 4, 2008.
(continued on page 11)
You may never be in a disaster. But if youare, do you know what to do? You’ll besafer if you have a plan. It’s easier to think of what to do when you are not in danger.The first day in May is now called“Disaster
Preparation*
Day”. It’s a timefor families to talk about plans foremergencies. It’s a time to think about thingsyou may need in an
emergency*
.Different natural disasters may happen indifferent areas of the country at differenttimes of the year.For example, hurricane season is June 1 toNovember 30. Hurricanes hit states on theEast Coast and on the Gulf Coast.
Tornado*
season begins in early spring. Tornados mayhappen anywhere. The areas most in dangerare the south central states. This area of thecountry is called “tornado
alley.”
(continued on page 10) A woman helps her husband put boards over their windows when they hear that a hurricane may hit their area.
Photo: Bigstock photos
Maybemore!
 
Events
Page2
 
Easy English NEWS 
May 2007
Today, there are 11.9 million Asian Americans and Pacific-IslandAmericans in the U.S. That’s 4.2% of the U.S.
population*
. May isthe month to learn about the history and
contributions*
of theseAmericans. The terms
include*
people who come from China, Japan,Korea, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia,Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Tibet, Nepal, the Philippines,and islands of the Pacific Ocean.The first Asians to come to the U.S. were Chinese workers in 1850.These men did the back-breaking work of building the western half of America’s first
transcontinental*
railroad.Around 1890, Japanese came to the U.S.to escape hunger in Japan.They settled in Hawaii, California,Washington, and Oregon. Many becamefarmers.At first, Asians in America did nothave the same rights as otherimmigrants. Some states had laws thatsaid Asians could not own land. Theycould never become citizens. There was
discrimination*
against them for jobsand places to live. A law
forbade*
newimmigration from Asia.
 Asian and Pacific-Islander
Heritage Month
Visitors try the Japanese art of  flower arranging. Linda Fang, a Chinesestoryteller, tells a tale from her collection of traditional favorites.Chinese dancers perform.
May Day 
In England and in the UnitedStates, May Day (May 1) wasa day to welcome spring. Inother parts of the world, May 1is International Workers Day.The word “mayday” is a
code word*
for
disaster*
.May first is now “Disaster
Preparation*
Day.” Readabout preparing for a disasteron page 1.Forty years later, the U.S. government
apologized*
for the unfairtreatment to its own citizens. In 1990, the government paid
reparations*
to the Japanese Americans who had been in thosecamps.In 1965, immigration laws werechanged. Asians were again allowed tocome to the U.S. Then the Asianpopulation
 
in the U.S. began to growrapidly.
Asians in the U.S. today
Asian culture was
influenced*
by thegreat teacher Confucius (551-478 B.C.).Confucius taught that education is veryimportant. As a group, Asian Americanshave the highest level of education in theU.S.Chinese immigrants brought many forms of cooking. Almost every town in the U.S. has aChinese restaurant. Americans have also learnedto enjoy Japanese food such as s
ushi, tofu,
and
teriyaki
style cooking.Many towns have schools for
karate
,
kung fu
,
aikido
, and other Asian self-defense sports.From 1999 to 2003, the Army’s
Chief of Staff*
was Japanese American General EricShinseki. There are five Asian Americans inCongress.
Visitors to an Asian Festival sample foods from thePhilippines, China, Japan, Korea, India and Thailand.General Eric Shinseki,Top U.S. Army Officer,1999-2003
How did May Day get to be aword for disaster?It has nothing to do with thedate. It is the way Americanspronounce the French codeword “
m’aider 
” (to help me).This code word is used when aship, plane, car or person needsimmediate help because of acrash, or sinking of a ship. It isspoken three times:
maydaymayday mayday!
All Photos by Bill Branson
courtesy U.S. Department of  Health and Human Services
In 1941, the U.S. was in a war withJapan. The U.S. government was afraidthat Japan would
invade*
the WestCoast. They were afraid that JapaneseAmericans would help Japan. Thegovernment ordered all Japanese inwestern states to leave their homes. Theymoved them to
internment camps*
.These Japanese Americans lost theirhomes, land, and businesses. They had tostay in the internment camps until the warwith Japan was over. However, they didnot
resist*
. They wanted to show thatthey were
patriotic*
American citizens.Many of the men joined the U.S. Army.They fought in Italy and Germany.Japanese-American
servicemen*
helpedAmerican commanders in the Pacific warlearn more about Japanese plans.During thismonth, schools andorganizations holdAsian heritage
festivals*
. Asian-and Pacific-IslandAmericans
demonstrate*
andshare their arts,crafts, music,sports, and otherparts of theircultures.
 
May 2007
Easy English NEWS 
 
Page 3
Cinco de Mayo
(the Fifth of May) is an important holiday forMexican Americans. It celebrates aday of 
courage*
and
victory*
inMexico.In 1862, the Mexican armystopped the
invasion*
of NapoleonII of France. There was a long
battle*
in the town of Puebla. Fourthousand Mexican soldiers keptMexico free.
 
They
defeated
theFrench army that was
twice*
aslarge.In Mexico and in the southwestern
in May 
Cinco de Mayo
May 19 is
Armed Forces*
Day. It’s aday to
appreciate*
the men and womenwho work in the U.S. Army, Navy, AirForce, Marines, and Coast Guard. Their job is to protect the United States and itspeople, around the world.Today, the United States Armed Forces are all
volunteers*
.However, all young men in the United States between the ages of 18 and 25 must
register*
with
Selective Service*
. They will notbe
drafted*
, but the country must know who can be called on incase of emergency.At any Post Office, ask for a Selective Service registration form.Fill out the form and sign your name. Mail it. You can also registeron the Internet, at
www.sss.gov.
 Armed Forces Day 
In 1907, a Philadelphia teacher named AnnaJarvis asked the government to
create*
aspecial day to honor mothers. She hoped thatMother’s Day would make families stronger.She hoped that children would learn to
appreciate*
the things their mothers did forthem.At the first Mother’s Day celebration in 1908, Miss Jarvis gavepeople white
carnations*
. It was her mother’s favorite flower. Today,red carnations mean that a person’s mother is living. White carnations
Mother’s Day 
Memorial Day is the last Monday inMay. On this day, people rememberand
honor*
the men and women whodied in U.S. wars.There are parades and speeches.People bring flowers and flags to the
graves*
of dead soldiers.Americans are taught to rememberthat
 freedom is not free.
It is paid forwith the
sacrifices*
of our soldiers.Many thousands of people died for ourright to live in a democracy. Read aboutthe most important war of the 20thcentury–World War II (Two), on pages6 and 7.
Memorial Day 
part of the United States, peoplecelebrate
Cinco de Mayo
withparades,
carnivals*
, street
fairs*
,and festivals with food, fun anddancing. There are fireworks and
make-believe*
battles. Schoolshave special programs to learnabout Mexican culture and history.Not long ago, most Americansdid not know about
Cinco de Mayo
unless they lived in theSouthwest. Today, MexicanAmericans have moved to manyplaces around the country. Thishappy holiday came with them.
Royal* visitors
Queen Elizabeth of England and her husband, Prince Philip,the Duke of Edinburgh, will visit the U.S. from May 3 to May8. They will be in Virginia to
commemorate
* the 400th
anniversary*
of the Jamestown
Settlement*
. Jamestown wasthe first
permanent*
English
colony*
in America. (See
 Easy English NEWS
, September 2006.) After that, they will go tosee the
Kentucky Derby*
. Finally, they will go to Washington,D.C. to visit President and Mrs. Bush.
 Laura Chan and her Mom, Thea.
Photo by Savath Chan
Grave of a soldier, decorated withan American flagPresident Bush with Mexican American folk dancers at the White House, on Cinco de Mayo, 2005.
Photo courtesy Whitehouse.gov
United States Wars
Revolutionary War (War of Independence) 1775-1783War of 1812 (against England) 1812-1814War with Mexico 1846-1848Civil War (North against South) 1861-1865Indian Wars 1817-1898Spanish-American War 1898World War I (One) 1917-1918World War II (Two) 1941-1945Korean
Conflict
* 1950-1953War in Vietnam 1964-1975First Gulf War 1991War in Kosovo (with NATO) 1996-1999Second Gulf War (in Iraq) 2002-presentWar in Afghanistan 2001 - present
Global War on Terror*
” 2001 - presentmean that a person’s mother has
passed away*
.Many people do something specialfor their mothers on the secondSunday of May. They write a letter of thanks or they bring her flowers.Children often do mother’s jobs forher on this day. Someone else cooksfor Mom on this day. People calltheir mothers if they are far away.Stores have sales of special gifts formothers. Restaurants are very busyon Mother’s Day.

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