Easy English NEWS
Today, there are 11.9 million Asian Americans and Pacific-IslandAmericans in the U.S. That’s 4.2% of the U.S.
. May isthe month to learn about the history and
of theseAmericans. The terms
people who come from China, Japan,Korea, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia,Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Tibet, Nepal, the Philippines,and islands of the Pacific Ocean.The first Asians to come to the U.S. were Chinese workers in 1850.These men did the back-breaking work of building the western half of America’s first
railroad.Around 1890, Japanese came to the U.S.to escape hunger in Japan.They settled in Hawaii, California,Washington, and Oregon. Many becamefarmers.At first, Asians in America did nothave the same rights as otherimmigrants. Some states had laws thatsaid Asians could not own land. Theycould never become citizens. There was
against them for jobsand places to live. A law
newimmigration from Asia.
Asian and Pacific-Islander
Visitors try the Japanese art of flower arranging. Linda Fang, a Chinesestoryteller, tells a tale from her collection of traditional favorites.Chinese dancers perform.
In England and in the UnitedStates, May Day (May 1) wasa day to welcome spring. Inother parts of the world, May 1is International Workers Day.The word “mayday” is a
.May first is now “Disaster
Day.” Readabout preparing for a disasteron page 1.Forty years later, the U.S. government
for the unfairtreatment to its own citizens. In 1990, the government paid
to the Japanese Americans who had been in thosecamps.In 1965, immigration laws werechanged. Asians were again allowed tocome to the U.S. Then the Asianpopulation
in the U.S. began to growrapidly.
Asians in the U.S. today
Asian culture was
by thegreat teacher Confucius (551-478 B.C.).Confucius taught that education is veryimportant. As a group, Asian Americanshave the highest level of education in theU.S.Chinese immigrants brought many forms of cooking. Almost every town in the U.S. has aChinese restaurant. Americans have also learnedto enjoy Japanese food such as s
style cooking.Many towns have schools for
, and other Asian self-defense sports.From 1999 to 2003, the Army’s
Chief of Staff*
was Japanese American General EricShinseki. There are five Asian Americans inCongress.
Visitors to an Asian Festival sample foods from thePhilippines, China, Japan, Korea, India and Thailand.General Eric Shinseki,Top U.S. Army Officer,1999-2003
How did May Day get to be aword for disaster?It has nothing to do with thedate. It is the way Americanspronounce the French codeword “
” (to help me).This code word is used when aship, plane, car or person needsimmediate help because of acrash, or sinking of a ship. It isspoken three times:
All Photos by Bill Branson
courtesy U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
In 1941, the U.S. was in a war withJapan. The U.S. government was afraidthat Japan would
the WestCoast. They were afraid that JapaneseAmericans would help Japan. Thegovernment ordered all Japanese inwestern states to leave their homes. Theymoved them to
.These Japanese Americans lost theirhomes, land, and businesses. They had tostay in the internment camps until the warwith Japan was over. However, they didnot
. They wanted to show thatthey were
American citizens.Many of the men joined the U.S. Army.They fought in Italy and Germany.Japanese-American
helpedAmerican commanders in the Pacific warlearn more about Japanese plans.During thismonth, schools andorganizations holdAsian heritage
. Asian-and Pacific-IslandAmericans
andshare their arts,crafts, music,sports, and otherparts of theircultures.