picture emerges. Many e-learning institutions call themselves virtual schools, but there isa continuum from “bricks-andmortar” schools with elements of virtual schooling, to truevirtual schools where all educational teaching and learning occurs in the virtualenvironment. At this time, more tend to have elements of virtual schooling than to be truevirtual schools. Because of this situation, we will mainly refer to virtual schooling exceptfor those situations where a true virtual school is in view. Much of the discussion of virtual schooling is ahistorical: From documents extolling virtual schools one wouldthink virtual schooling dates from the widespread growth of personal computers and theWorld Wide Web in the mid- 1980s, whereas much of the structure is directly attributableto distance education which has existed for nearly two centuries.Virtual Education is designed for future applications of virtual reality technology to thefield of distance education. Virtual reality is being used for several education uses. Twoof the most prominent uses are: advanced simulation training; and virtual education asdistance instruction programs evolve with more higher-order VR applied science. Virtualreality is, even now, being used to train physicians, aircraft pilots, soldiers, and people inother professions. With respect to distance education, the virtual education revolution is,even now, underway. Distance instruction that started with basic text and imageexchange, is evolving into educational programs that involve the human brain multi-dimensionally and interactively through several senses. While three-dimensional(holographic) virtual instructors do not currently lecture around the globe, this mayhappen some day in the not-so-distant future. For unique material, please see three-dimensional data analysis .Virtual reality can also help physicians to discern the borders of diseased tissue andextract it from healthy tissue nearby. VR-guided medibots enable microsurgical procedures on a much tinyer scale and with more accuracy than is possible withtraditional surgical operations. Macro scale motion by the robotic controls by a surgeon istranslated down to micro movements of the robotic elements within the patient. virtualreality and telerobotics discusses further information.
History of virtual learning environments
The use of VLEs, while not as extensive as in Europe and the U.S.A., is increasing in this part of the world. There is a rapid uptake of communications technologies in the tertiarysector of education but it is uneven and not without criticism (Brabazon, 2003). Watchingdevelopments elsewhere from this perspective on the edge of the world’s stage it isdifficult not to conclude that technological developments in education are driven by acomplex set of forces that include not only the enabling factor of the convergence of thetechnologies but also the economics of globalization and the politics of techno-capitalism. There is a case to be made that the arrival of the virtual classroom whilstcreating a paradigm shift in the ways teaching and learning are delivered also presents arange of opportunities and threats for both the teacher and the learner and offerssignificant and particular challenges for small local tertiary institutions in small countries.1728 : March 20, Boston Gazette contains an advertisement from Caleb Phillipps,2