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Timeline Sultanate

Timeline Sultanate

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Published by Icas Phils

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Published by: Icas Phils on Aug 24, 2011
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 Historical Timeline of the Royal Sultanate of Sulu Including Related Events of Neighboring Peoples
By Josiah C. Ang, PM Source:
Jolo and Sulu
The seat of The Royal Sultanate of Sulu is in Astana Putih, Tausug for “White Palace,”located some two kilometers southwest of the Spanish Walled City of Jolo, in Umbul Duwa atthe present municipality of Indanan in Jolo Island. Jolo is the capital town of the Province ofSulu that is within the present geographical jurisdiction of the Republic of the Philippines.THE ERA OF H.M.H. THE ROYAL SULTANATE OF SULU1450 AD - A Johore-born Arab adventurer, Shari'ful Hashem Syed Abu Bak=r, arrived inSulu from Melaka; He married Param Isuli, daughter of Raja Baguinda, and founded TheRoyal Sultanate of Sulu in 1457; He declared himself H.R.H. Paduka Maulana MahasariSharif Sultan Hashem Abu Bak=r, Sultan of Sulu, of the Saudi House of Hashemite inHadramaut, where most Tausug and Yakan believed prophet Mohammad's genealogy istraced.1451 AD - By this time, the Melakan Sultanate had become a leading center of Islam insoutheast Asia, and as a time-tested protege of the Ming dynasty, Yung Lo sent away hisdaughter Hang Li-po and a cortege of five-hundred Mandarin ladies as A gift to MelakanSultan Mansor Shah in 1459; in turn, Shah conceived "Bukit Cina" as a permanent residentialcourt for his esteemed visitors.H.R.H. Sultan Syed Hashem Abu Bak'r (1457-1480)1470 AD - Muslim conquest of the Madjapahit Empire.1473-1521 AD - Golden age rule of Nakhoda Ragam Sultan Bulkeiah=s Sultanate of Bruneithat expanded her hegemony to include North Borneo, Sarawak, Indonesia Balabac, Banggi,and Palawan in Archipelago San Lazaro (present-day Philippines) and the new RoyalSultanate of SuluH.R.H. Sultan Kamal ud-Din (1480-1519)1509 AD - A Bengali Putih and Diego Lopez deSequeira with a squadron of five Portuguesebattle ships established the first White settlement in Melaka (Ferdinand Magellan was said tobe a member of this expedition).1511 AD - Portuguese privateer Alfonso deAlbuquerque captured Melaka from deSequeira
 
and reported of Muslim trading vessels from Sulu anchored in that Malay port.1512 AD - Unnamed Portuguese sailors effected a brief landing on Mindanaw.H.R.H. Sultans Amir ul-Umara, Mu'izzul Mutawa Din & Nasir ud-Din (1519-1579)1520 AD - Jesuit historian Francisco Combe reported of an unnamed Muslim Sharif who triedto spread Islam to Jolo but died at Bud Tumangtangis; His magnificent tomb was comparableto those in Makkah, but unfortunately in the years following, Manila Spaniards burned it to theground.1521 AD - Antonio Pigafetta deVicenza, the Italian chronicler of Ferdinand Magellan, wassaid to have visited Brunei Sultan Bulkeiah's court around this time; While crusing along theBornean coast, fellow Spaniards captured Rajah Matanda of May Nilad, grandson of thenreigning Brunei Sultan and nephew to Brunei Raja Muda (Rajah Suleiman to Filipinos).[Rajah Suleiman was himself a son-in-law of Brunei Sultan Abdul Kahar and this incidentcould have made unfortunate misgivings of his view of White men as he was to meet themagain in the Battle of May Nilad in 1570].March 16, 1521 AD - Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, a.k.a. Fernao Magalhaes andFernando de Magallanes, discovered Archipelago San Lazaro (present-day Samar Island)arriving on five vessels that included Trinidad (Magellan, skipper), San Antonio (JuandeCartagena), Concepcion (Gaspar deQuesada), Victoria (Luis deMondoza), and Santiago(Juan Serrano) and a total of two-hundred-sixty-four crew members.- Magellan and his men then erected a wooden cross as testimony to their "discovery" of andclaim for the Spanish Crown the Archipelago San Lazaro, named after this feast day of ofSaint Lazarus (March 16).March 18, 1521 AD - Magellan, including his wife's cousin Duarte Barbosa, cosmographerAndres de San Martin, and Pigafetta landed on an uninhabited island known as Homonhonwhere friendly natives from neighboring islands brought food and Atuba and together theyfeasted for one day.March 24, 1521 - Moving southeast, Magellan weighed anchor for Masawa on MindanawIsland where Masawa Rajah Kolambu was entertaining his visiting brother, Rajah Siagu ofButuan; The two Rajahs caused the first traditional blood compact of foreign visitors in whichthe visiting dignitary would drink each other's blood mixed with the native wine, Atuba.- Mindanaw folklore mentioned a Pernao Magalhao to have founded this Manobo-tribelandwhere Rajah Siaguwas already ruling chief; Magalhao may have also Atouched at Sulu for we find Pigafettadescribing the King ofJolo.
 
April 06, 1521 - Magellan's ship-chaplain Pedro deValderrama celebrated the first RomanCatholic mass on Philippine soil at Masawa (some claims Limasawa in Leyte as the rightfulplace) which fortunately fell on Easter Sunday of Jubilation.- Masawa Rajah Kolambu piloted Magellan to Cebu island where Cebu Rajah Humabonreceived them andsealed yet another blood compact.April 13,1521 - Cebu Rajah Humabon, his family, and 800 Sugboanons converted to RomanCatholicism beforeMagellan and his party and immediately declared the "enemies of the church" the growingMuslimin community on Mactan island headed by Kaliph Pulaka (Lapu-Lapu to Filipinos).April 27, 1521 - Magellan, with forty-eight men in full armor, ploughed ashore Mactan islandbut were stopped by poisoned arrows from men of Lapu-Lapu; The encounter is now knownin Philippine history as the Battle of Mactan.June 9, 1522 - Juan Sebastian del Cano, navigating Magellan=s only remaining vessel LaVictoria with eighteen men and 533-hundredweight-cloves on board, successfully returned toSevilla in Spain via the Tidorein Maluka (present-day Moluccas); Juan Sebastian del Canowas assigned in world history as the first man to have evercompleted the circumnavigation of the globe.1523-1542 - Three other expeditions from Mexico attempted to reach the Philippines via theroute taken by Magellan (Barbosa, de Loaisa, & de Saavedra) but never made it.November 1, 1542 - Don Antonio de Mendoza, viceroy of Nueva Espana (present-dayMexico), sent six ships from Navida Mexico under Ruy Lopez deVillalobos that reachedSarangani islands in 1543 and named his "discovery" Las Islas Felipinas to honor the son ofKing Charles of Spain, Felipe II.- deVillalobos sent for captain Bernardo delaTorre to survey the coast of Kota Bato but diedthere and his crew were captured in Sarangani by the Portuguese navy stationed in Maluka.November 21, 1564 - Another Nueva Espana viceroy, Don Luis de Velasco, commissioned54-year-old Basque adelantado Miguel Lopez deLegaspi, to subjugate Islas Felipinas after fiveunsuccessful attempts.1565-1663 Fourth Stage of Moro Wars (Majul)February 1565 - Legaspi arrived in Samar island on his flagship Capitana piloted by seasonednavigator-priest Andres Urdaneta who was earlier with the 1525 expedition of Fray GarciaJofre deLoaiza [Crivelli].April 1565 - Mooring southward to Bohol, Legaspi executed the traditional blood compact

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