often pioneer organisms, canlive in variable environments
stable habitats with otherestablished speciesearly in life cycle, frequently,with many offspring
rate of reproduction
slow, with few offspringshort
longvariable, but usually belowcarrying capacity of thehabitat
size of population
small, with greater timespent rearing youngpoor competitors
response to competition
tendencies forimmigration andemigration
rarerhigh mortality and variablesurvival qualities
mortality and survivalrates
low mortality and usuallyregular survival qualitiesIt is not always possible for biologists to agree on which strategies organisms display.For example, if we look at human populations, the strategies seem to depend on thecircumstances. In developed parts of the world, most people will conform to K-strategies. Inless developed parts, however, more r-strategies are used.Some organisms display extreme r- or K- strategies, however most organisms have lifehistories that are on the intermediate of the continuum. Some species can even switchstrategies depending on the environmental conditions.
G.5.3 - Describe one technique used to estimate the population size of an animal speciesbased on a capture-mark-release-recapture method
In the study of populations, the collection of accurate information on the size of populationspresent in a habitat is very important.A total count of all the members of a population is called a
. This gives the mostaccurate data, however it is usually impractical. This is because the population may belocated in a very large area, fast moving or only active for short periods of time.