Issued by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
1.On 5 June 2011, violence broke out in Southern Kordofan between the SudaneseArmed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA). In theensuing days, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for HumanRights (OHCHR) and the Human Rights Component of the United NationsMission to Sudan (UNMIS Human Rights) received reports of serious violationsof international human rights and international humanitarian law, includingextrajudicial killings, arbitrary arrests and illegal detention, enforceddisappearances, attacks against civilians, looting of civilian homes and destructionof property.2.In light of these reports, UNMIS Human Rights Officers conducted preliminaryinvestigations into a number of serious incidents in South Kordofan. UNMISHuman Rights Officers conducted on-site visits to some affected areas and metwith a wide range of actors, including victims and witnesses, state and localauthorities, security personnel, political, religious and community leaders.Interviews were also conducted with IDPs in Southern Kordofan, El Obeid andKhartoum, UN personnel, NGOs and media sources.3.This report is a summary of the preliminary findings of UNMIS Human Rights of the events in Southern Kordofan covering the period 5 to 30 June 2011. Themandate of UNMIS ended on 9 July 2011 and UNMIS personnel, includinghuman rights staff have since withdrawn from South Kordofan. The collection andverification of information on alleged human rights abuses in this report wasconducted during a period of active conflict and subject to restrictions includingmovement of staff to areas under the control of SAF, Sudan People’s LiberationArmy – North (SPLA-N), and militia elements. UNMIS Human Rights officersalso exercised caution in obtaining interviews from victims and witnesses due toconcerns over witness protection and a fear of reprisals.
4.Southern Kordofan is inhabited by approximately 2,500,000 people (2000)
withover 100 ethnic communities; the majority population is represented by nomadicMisseriya and Hawazma Arabs and agriculturalist African Nuba.
In the Kadugliarea and surrounding Nuba Mountains, the population is predominantly Nuba.Marginalization of the Nuba ethnic communities by the Government of Sudan ledsome of them to take up arms along with the Sudan People’s Liberation Army(SPLA), during the North-South war between 1983 and 2005. Nuban communitiesfaced a brutal counter-insurgency campaign until a ceasefire in 2003.
5.The security arrangements agreed upon under the Comprehensive PeaceAgreement, signed in 2005 between the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the
Sudan Ministry of Cabinet Affairs 22 July 2008 http://www.sudan.gov.sd/en/index.php
Minority populations consist of those with origins from West Africa, numbers of Shanabla andMa’alia Arabs, and Southern Nilotic Dinka and Shilluk groups
See for instance African Rights,
Facing genocide: The Nuba of Sudan
, London, July 1995.