A Quick Summary of Title IV-D Funding and Incentives
US CODE TITLE 42 > CHAPTER 7 > SUBCHAPTER IV > Part D > § 655.Payments to States
http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode42/usc_sec_42_00000655----000-.html Provides for 66 percent payments to cover basically all expenses related to child support establishment, payment handling, etc.This is the big direct payment to the states from the federal government. The more work there is to do,the more the federal government repays the states. To maximize program income, the child supportenforcement agency should maximize the number of cases, and the number of dollars and processingtime per case. It is therefore necessary to discourage parents from making their own arrangements for payment, and to strongly encourage divorces or a breakup of cohabitation between parents.Joint custody laws have been shown to cut the divorce rate. It is unsurprising that most child supportagencies often strongly oppose them, along with most family lawyers.From various newspaper articles, it seems that the Michigan Friend of the Court (Assists Michigancourts in enforcing child support and parenting time orders) sends to the federal governmentdocumentation for wages and benefits of full time equivalent employees. Each hour a that FOCenforcement officer works, 66% of his/her pay comes from the federal government (plus incentive payments based on performance). I do not believe that the FOC distinguishes between time spentcollecting fines, which go to the FOC itself, and time spent collecting child support, which go to the parents who care for the children. Other states likely have equivalent billing mechanisms.
US CODE TITLE 42 > CHAPTER 7 > SUBCHAPTER IV > Part D > § 658a.Incentive payments to States
$483,000,000 for fiscal year 2008 to be shared amongst all states. (2)(A)Each state's portion is based on its "incentive base amount" which is supposed to be calculated from its paternity establishment performance level, support order performance level, current payment performance level, arrearage payment performance level, and cost effectiveness performance level.