3.1.2 - State that a variety of other elements are needed by living organisms, including sulfur, calcium, phosphorus, iron and sodium
Many other elements are necessary for the survival of living organisms. These include sulfur, calcium, phosphorus, iron and sodium.
3.1.3 - State one role of each of the elements mentioned above Sulfur
is also needed by living organisms. For example, it is an important element in some amino acids. It protects our cells from environmental hazards like pollution and radiation, as well as helping our liver to function properly. It is important for making blood clots, and keeps our skin supple and elastic.
is important, and can be found in our bones and teeth. This macronutrient is also important for other things like muscle growth, and electrical impulses in your brain. It maintains proper blood pressure and makes blood clot when you are cut. Calcium deficiency can lead to muscle spasms, leg cramps and brittle bones.
is found in haemoglobin, the part of our blood that carries oxygen. Hence, an iron deficiency would lead to fatigue and shortened attention span. This may lead to iron deficiency anaemia. It has many functions such as making tendons and ligaments, as well as controlling chemicals in our brains. It is needed for maintaining a healthy immune system.
is needed for nerve impulses to be sent. It also forms an important part of blood plasma, and without we cannot get the nutrients we need to survive. It maintains the correct amount of water in our blood. Our bodies therefore have various mechanisms to keep our sodium levels right, such as becoming thirsty when we have a lot of salt to dilute it and dispose of the excess.