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Kites

Kites

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03/15/2013

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Some of you may have played akite or seen some people flying kites asin the right figure.Now, look at the form of a flyingkite and also look at the angles, sidesand the length of its diagonals.Quadrilateral
ABCD
on Figure8.6 is a kite with sides
AB
,
BC
,
CD
,
, diagonals
AC
and
BD
.Now, you will learn how to find the formula of the area of akite.
B A D
Figure 8.6
Work in Groups
Materials: grid paper, scissors, and a ruler.
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii)1. On a piece of squared paper, draw a triangle and cut along the triangle. (figure (i)).2. Draw a line in the center in the width of a rectangle as in Figure (ii) above.2. Fold the rectangle based on dotted lines. (Figure (iii))3. Draw in dotted lines as in figure (iv) above.4. Cut the fold based on the dotted lines, until they form a half kite as in Figure (v).5. Open the fold until they form a new quadrilateral as in figure (vi). The quadrilateral is a kite.6. Name the kite
ABCD
and the intersection as point
. (Figure (vii))7. Based on this activity, observe which the sides, angles and diagonals are.8. What can you conclude about the properties of the kite? Explain.

Mini-Lab
BCDAO
What are you going tolearn?

To describe theproperties of a kiteTo define a kiteTo find the formula ofthe area andperimeter of a kite
Key Term:

kite
8.5

The properties of a kite are as follows.1.

Two pairs of the sides close to each other areequal, namely
AB
=
and
BC
=
DC
.2.

One pair of backside angles is equal, that is
ABC
=
.3.

One of the diagonals bisects the kite, that is
Δ
ABC
=
Δ
or
AC
is the axis of symmetry.4.

Diagonals are perpendicular to each other andone of the diagonals bisects the other, that is,
AC

BD
and
BE
=
ED
.
A B D E
┐

Figure 8.7
On the basis of the properties of a kite above, you can describe akite.A quadrilateral with diagonals perpendicular to
Kite
each other and one of the diagonals bisects theother.
The Area of Kite
In words:
The area of kite equals a half of the product ofits diagonals.
In symbol:
Suppose A is an area of a kite with itsdiagonals d
1
dan d
2;
then
A
=
21

x
1

x
2
d
2
d
1
┐

Andi made a kite with its diagonals 30 cm and 50 cm long. Whatis the area of the kite made by Andi?
Mathematics for Junior High School Year 7/329

Solution:
Given :
d
1
= 30 and
d
2
= 50Question : The area of the kiteSolution : For example, the area of Andi’s kite is
A
cm
2
, then
A
=
21
×

d
1

×
d
2

A
=
21
×
30
×
15
A
= 225So, the area of Andi’s kite is 225 cm
2
.1.

Let
ABCD
be a kite with
BE
= 15 units, measure of
BCA
= 30
°
and
DA
=50
°
. Fill in the blanks below.
ED
=
BD
= Measure of
=
°
Measure of
DCA
=
°
Measure of
BEA
=
°
Measure of
AED
=
°
Area of
Δ
ABC
= area of
Δ
? Area of
Δ
= area of
Δ
?
D A B E
70
°
40
°°

x
°
2. What are the values of
x
and
y
? 3. What are the values of
x
and
y
? ?
130
4. What is the area of kite
ABCD
?
40
°

°
(5
x
)
°