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Scaled Drawings

# Scaled Drawings

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08/25/2011

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at are you going to learn?

To find a size in amap, actualmeasurement orscale.

To find the size of aphoto/ model orreal object.

To calculateenlargement factorand reductionfactor in scaledrawing.
Key Terms

scale

map
n geography, you often want to locate an island,river, city or mountain in a certain place. Youcot see all of those objects in a whole. Therefore adrawing (i.e a map) is made to represent the reality.This drawing is made to resemble the reality with aratio (scale).ann
I
An architect who will build a building must makea scaled drawing which is usually called a design. Thebuilding and its design both have the same form butare different in size.You do so if you want to draw your classroom. Theclassroom and your drawing both have the sameform, but are different in size. The design anddrawing are made the same as the reality with a ratio(scale).The figure on the next page is a map of the EastKalimantan Province with a scale of 1 : 6,000,000. It means that 1cm on the map represents 6,000,000 cm in the actual size. This scaleis a ratio of the size on the map to the actual size, or 6,000,000 cmin reality will be drawn on the map as 1 cm.
I

Scaled Drawings
55..22
Scale = Distance on the map : Real Distance
Mathematics for Junior High School Year 7
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Map of the East Kalimantan Province
Scale 1 : 6,000,000
184
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Student’s Book - Proportion

Look at the map of East Kalimantan. What is the distance betweenSamarinda and Balikpapan?
On the map, measure the distance between Balikpapan and Samarinda.The distance on the map is about 2.5 cm.Scale 1 : 6,000,000The real distance = 2.5 x 6,000,000 = 15,000,000Therefore, the distance between Balikpapan and Samarinda is15,000,000 cm = 150 km ( 1 km = 100,000 cm).
EXAMPLE 1EXAMPLE 2
The distance between Samarinda and Tarakan in East KalimantanProvince is 672 km. Find the distance between the cities on the mapwith the scale of 1 : 6,000,000.
Scale 1 : 6,000,000Real distance = 672 km= 67,000,000 cm
The distance on the map is
x
cm.Scale

= Distance on the map : Real Distance
2.1160672000 ,000 , 000 ,200 ,67  000 ,200 ,67 000.000. 000 ,200 ,67 000 ,000 , 1
=====
χ  χ  χ
So, the distance between Samarinda and Tarakan on the map isabout 11.2 cm.
Mathematics for Junior High School Year 7
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