The Joint Military Intelligence College supports and encourages research on intelligence that distills lessons and improves support to policy-level and operational consumers, and that familiarizes the public with aspects of the intelligence profession.
Bringing Intelligence About: Practitioners Reﬂect on Best PractitionersThe title chosen for this book carries two meanings. The more straightforward interpretation of“Bringing Intelligence About,’’ and the principal one, refers to the book's coverage of wide-rangingsources and methods employed to add value to national security-related information—to create“intelligence.’’ A second meaning, not unrelated to the ﬁrst, refers to the responsible agility expectedof U.S. intelligence professionals, to think and act in such a way as to navigate information collectionand interpretation duties with a ﬁx on society's shifting but consensual interpretation of the U.S. Con-stitution. A prominent individual and ideal intelligence professional who lived both meanings of “Bringing Intel-ligence About’’ was the late Lieutenant General Vernon A. Walters. As an intelligence ofﬁcer, defenseattache, ambassador-at-large and ambassador to Germany, his combination of skills—notably hislanguage skills—made him the epitome of a professional. Beyond intelligence service in the Depart-ments of Defense and of State, General Walters presided as Deputy Director of Central Intelligenceduring the Watergate episode, where he stood on principle and at odds with political ﬁgures in theNixon administration. His mastery of intelligence collection, analysis and politically attuned synthesis,the full story of which has not yet been told, make him a near-mythic ﬁgure for aspiring intelligenceprofessionals.Although the talents and assignments of General Walters were extraordinary, his demonstration thatintelligence aptitudes and skills are fungible across Departments and Agencies is a powerful sugges-tion that those separate institutions can also operate together as a professional community. The papers in this publication are based exclusively on sources available to the public and the viewsexpressed are those of the respective authors, and do not necessarily reﬂect the ofﬁcial policy or posi-tion of the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government.This publication has been approved for unrestricted distribution by the Ofﬁce of the Secretary ofDefense (Public Affairs). Copies of this publication are available in limited quantities to U.S. Govern-ment ofﬁcials, and to the public through the National Technical Information Service (www.ntis.gov),or the U.S. Government Printing Ofﬁce (www.gpo.gov).Russell.Swenson@dia.milEditorLibrary of Congress Control Number 2001-126998ISBN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0-9656195-4-0