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Aids

Aids

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Published by karthik
aids prevention methods 4 u from referre dweb pages
aids prevention methods 4 u from referre dweb pages

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Published by: karthik on Sep 30, 2008
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AIDS
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected fromAids)Jump to:navigation, search
 For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation).
 
Acquired immunodeficiencysyndrome (AIDS)
Classification and external resources
The Red ribbon is a symbol for  solidarity with HIV-positive peopleand those living with AIDS.
List of abbreviations used in this article
AIDS
: Acquired immune deficiencysyndrome
HIV
CD4+
CCR5
 
CDC
WHO
PCP
TB
MTCT
: Mother-to-child transmission
HAART
STI/STD
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
or 
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
(
AIDS
or 
Aids
) is a set of symptoms and infectionsresulting from the damage to the humanimmune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Thiscondition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leavesindividuals susceptible toopportunistic infectionsandtumors.HIV istransmitted  through direct contact of a mucous membraneor the bloodstream with a bodily fluid  containing HIV, such as blood,semen, vaginal fluid,  preseminal fluid, and breast milk .
 This transmission can involve anal,vaginalor oral sex,  blood transfusion,  contaminatedhypodermic needles, exchange between mother and baby during pregnancy,childbirth, or  breastfeeding,or other exposure to one of the above bodily fluids.AIDS is now a pandemic.
In 2007, an estimated 33.2 million people lived with thedisease worldwide, and it killed an estimated 2.1 million people, including 330,000children.
Over three-quarters of these deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa,
[5] 
retardingeconomic growthand destroyinghuman capital.
Most researchers believethat HIV originated insub-Saharan Africaduring the twentieth century.
AIDS wasfirst recognized by the U.S.Centers for Disease Control and Preventionin 1981 andits cause, HIV, identified by American and French scientists in the early 1980s.
Although treatments for AIDS and HIV can slow the course of the disease, there iscurrently no vaccine or cure. Antiretroviraltreatment reduces both the mortalityand the morbidity of HIV infection, but these drugs are expensive and routine access toantiretroviralmedicationis not available in all countries.
Due to the difficulty intreating HIV infection, preventing infection is a key aim in controlling the AIDSepidemic, with health organizations promotingsafe sexandneedle-exchange  programmesin attempts to slow the spread of the virus.
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