period. A considerable amount or reduction in the variability of prices was observed during theCAMPCO Ltd, period.
Factors Influencing Areca nut Marketing:
The important factors which are affecting the areca nut marketing include control of areca nutmarket by 10-15 Gutkha Companies, heavy central tax on Gutkha, bill less trading by traders,entry of the areca nut grown in Indonesia to local market, doorstep selling by the growers, poor recovery of loans in private Mandis, the judgment of courts relating to gutkha, ;the problems of co-operatives and their limited capacity in managing g the market, market malpractices,;inferior quality of the areca nut, excessive production, vicious circle created by the merchantsthemselves, unhealthy competition etc. In the present scenario co-operatives, Government,growers and religious centers have to play their role in attaining sustainable development of areca nut marketing system.
Karnataka is the front runner in terms of area under cultivation and production. Earlier production of areca nut was confined to Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada, Shimoga,Chikkamagalore and Kodagu Districts. The majority of the area in these districts is comprisedof traditional areca nut growers. A sudden rise in prices of areca nut in the last decade hasattracted the farmers, growing food crops in other districts of the state, towards thiscommercial crop. Now areca nut is produced in 20 districts of the state. In the traditional arecanut growing area the areca nut garden is situated in the valley. For these farmers growing of areca nut is a way of life and they follow traditional method of cultivation. Heavy rainfall isnormal feature of these areas. Therefore, every year loss of production due to kole roga is acommon phenomenon which resulted in low income to the areca nut growers. The cost of production is increasing continuously. About 80 per cent of the growers are marginal holders.
Cost of Production
Per Acre, In Rs. No. Particulars Rs A.