Threats to wildlife
Carrying capacity: The carrying capacity of the wildlife parks has considerably increased. Ecoand adventure tourism have reached an all-time high in popularity. Attendance rates at some of the best-known national parks have soared in recent years, bringing with them increased vehicle pollution, wildlife road fatalities, and damage to precious habitat. People have started moving towards these national parks as the ultimate tourist destinations. Besides this, the wildlife in these nature parks is blooming.
Wildfires: Seemingly innocent campfires have been started by visitors in various national parks which can blaze out of control and grow into menacing, habitat-devouring wildfires in no time at all. This summer alone, wildfires in the western United States ravaged hundreds of thousands of acres of pristine forestland. Hence, wildfires can turn out to be fatal and can damage the natural habitats too!
Personal Watercraft: Very often referred to as jet skis or wave runners, personal watercraft (PWCs) routinely harass wildlife in coastal habitats. Because they are compact and quick, PWCs can stratagem into tight situations of brush and shallow water, discharging nesting birds from their roosts and disturbing mating patterns. In addition, the amount of pollution they release is staggering. According to a recent Environmental Protection Agency study, nearly one-third of PWC's fuel and oil can be leaked directly into the water and air.
Snowmobiles: Like personal watercraft, snowmobiles also cause intense air, water, and noise pollution; disrupt area wildlife; and greatly reduce the serene satisfaction enjoyed by other visitors to our national parks. Every year, more than 180,000 snowmobiles visit our parks. And while we may not be able to measure the precise impact of snowmobile use on these lands, it should be taken into account that fresh air must be pumped into their booths because of extremely high levels of air pollution from snowmobiles. We also know that snowmobiles release harmful toxins into water supplies, burden snowpack with pollutants, and permanently damage the flora.
Wildlife ConservationToxic chemicals: It wasn't until 1972, when a lawsuit led to the ban of harmful pesticides such as DDT, that the agricultural tide began to turn. Indeed the gratifying elimination of the harmful chemicals such as DDT, helped the survival of the peregrine falcon, bald eagle, and brown pelican flourish.
Climate change: Those fossil fuels that keep our homes toasty warm and our automobiles chugging down the highway are also indirectly affecting global climate change. The burning of these fossil fuels-coal and oil, for example-results in an accelerated rate of global warming, a trend that scientists say will decimate an ecological catastrophe on temperatures, storm systems, and precipitation, which in turn will gravely affect habitat and migration patterns. "Wildlife in itself is the biggest asset of earth . The entire ecological balance exists due to the synchronization of the flow of energy in the wildly perplexing web of nature".
Indian Wildlife ConservationSave the World of the Wild! Today, the world of wildlife conservation and indeed animal welfare is being torn apart by the thoughts and actions of certain countries who believe wildlife to be a commodity for human utilisation. This brand of philosophy also suggests that without being of any utilitarian value to humanity, a species does not have an intrinsic right to live in the world. An extension of this very same philosophy has seen a partial resumption of the ivory trade in Africa, the pressure on the need to hunt whales and turtles, and the proposals to farm wild animals for medicine and food.
The Traditional Dimension Asia is an old continent with age-old traditions, beliefs and philosophies. Many people in Asia do not act only for economic or materialistic gain, but also at times when they feel strongly about the intrinsic or spiritual side of things. Conserving wildlife is no exception. Wildlife has traditionally been a resource in Asia as it has been in other parts of the world, but there has historically never been an emphasis on either its mindless use or its utilisation for exclusive economic benefit.
On the converse, much of Chinese, Japanese or Indian philosophy and thought have been based on natural aesthetics and many of its religions have sprung from early nature worship.
Substantial Endeavours In light of the current wildlife and animal welfare debate on the utilisation of species and the fixing of economic price tags on animal life, the Asian Conservation Alliance and the Wildlife Trust of India, supported by the International Fund for Animal Welfare is bringing out this illuminating collection of essays on conservation philosophy from all over Asia.
Major religions like Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism and Judaism have influenced the movement in different Asian countries from Thailand and Sri Lanka to Jordan and Israel, and how this contrasts with the animistic traditions of countries like Mongolia.
Importance of wildlife conservation
Due to the growing impact of deforestation, continuous efforts are being made by some anxious animal lovers to protect the endangered species of wildlife as well as those that are on the verge of extinction and thus save the world from running out its green heritage. Wildlife is important for four main reasons: Beauty: By their unique way of existence, wild creatures exaggerate the natural beauty of the earth.
Economic value: The financial value of wild species is important to the economies of several nations, as it provides many valuable substances like wood and other plant products, fibers, meat and other foods, and skins and furs. Scientific value: By studying wildlife, scientists have gained valuable knowledge about various life processes and discovered important medical products Survival value: Wildlife helps in maintaining the balanced living systems of earth, which consequently ensures survival of life.
The wildlife conservation projects and programs
To promote wildlife awareness among the people, the Indian government has started various natural projects and programs such as Project Tiger, Nature Camps and Jungle Lodges. These projects not only help to preserve our natural heritage, but encourage eco-tourism as well.
Project Tiger was formed in 1972 and launched on the 1st April 1973 at Corbett National Park. Till date, the project has been the most successful one in preserving the tiger population at Tiger Reserves in Bandhavgarh, Corbett, Pench, Ranthambhore, Kanha, Bandipur, Panna, Dudhwa, Sunderbans, Manas and Sariska. All these reserves act as Conservation Centers for tigers in India.
Besides, there is the Gir National Park, the only habitat for Asiatic lions in India. The Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary is Assam is renowned for protecting the endangered one-horned Rhinoceros. There's also Dachigam National Park, which conserves the Hangul or Kashmiri Stag.
Project Elephant, a centrally sponsored scheme, was launched in February 1992 to provide financial and technical support to major elephant bearing states in India for protection of elephants, their habitats and corridors. The Project, involving 25 Elephant Reserves across the country, is being implemented in 13 States and Union Territories in India, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
There are also various NGOs working on wildlife conservation in India such as Wildlife Society of Orissa (Orissa), Rhino Foundation for Nature (Assam), Friends of Forests (Maharashtra), North Eastern Society for Preservation of Nature and Wildlife (West Bengal), Nature's Beckon (Assam), Nature Conservation Society Amravati (Maharashtra), The Friends of the Doon (Uttaranchal) and Bali Nature and Wild Life Conservation Society (West Bengal).
The gradual emergence of the human beings as the most dominant species among all other species of animals and the attempt of the human beings to set themselves apart from other species is the main underlying cause of the contemporary environmental disaster. The main reason behind a threat to the wildlife and the ecosystem is the constantly growing deforestation, poaching and negligence towards animals and nature. The Indian Government has started nature projects like, Project Tiger, Nature Camps, Jungle Lodges, etc. to encourage wildlife awareness among the common people. Besides preserving the natural heritage, these projects also promote eco-tourism.
Some of the important projects and programs on Wildlife Conservation in India are:
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Gir National Park in Gujarat is the only existent habitation for the nearly extinct Asiatic Lions in India. The Kaziranga Sanctuary in Assam is a major example of good effort to save the endangered Rhinoceros. Similarly, Periyar in Kerala is doing a great job to preserve the wild Elephants and Dachigam National Park is progressing rapidly to save Kashmiri Stag.
Wildlife Conservation in India occupies a total area of about 3.29 million sq. km. that contains floral and faunal species, mammals, reptiles, insects and birds. The Wildlife Conservation in India has become the most popular holiday destinations because of its diverseness. In India there are 571 sanctuaries and reserve parks that are protected by the Indian Government, mainly meant for the protection of the extinct species of animals and birds. Predators, Carnivores and Herbivores, - all are equally important to maintain the vital ecological processes as nutrient and water cycling. Some of the important Wildlife Sanctuaries in India are:
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Nature has always helped in flourishing the mankind. But this isn't about what nature gives to you, its what you, as a human being give back in return. Are you concerned about nature? Does saving the endangered species and taking necessary actions for those who are on the brink of extinction means something to you? Then join hands with the wildlife organizations to save mother Earth!
The natural projects and programmes started by the Indian government such as Project Tiger, Nature Camps and Jungle Lodges have been organised to promote wildlife awareness among the people. These projects not only help in preserving our natural heritage but also encourage eco-tourism.
Why wildlife conservation is so important? Because the most beautiful gift that God has given to nature are theBird wild creatures, they embellish the natural beauty by their unique way of existence. But due the growing impact of deforestation, few concerned animal lovers are making continuous efforts to save the endangered species as well as those who are on the verge of extinction and save the world from loosing its green heritage.
Some of the projects and wildlife conservation programmes in India include Project Tiger, which has been till now the most successful one in protecting and preserving the tiger population. There is the Gir National Park, which is only habitat existing for Asiatic lions in India. The Kaziranga Sanctuary is Assam is another remarkable example of saving the endangered Rhinoceros.
There's Periyar in Kerala conserving the Wild Elephants and the Dachigam National Park doing the same to save the Hangul or Kashmiri Stag.
Wildlife conservation in India is occupied an area of about 3.29 million sq. km. that contains the world's faunal and floral species, mammal, insect, reptiles and birds. Due to its diversity the wildlife conservation of India is the most popular holiday destinations. There are 571 reserve parks and sanctuaries in India that are protected by the Indian Government. These wildlife conservation is meant for the protection of the lost species of birds and animals. The Govt. gives an adequate and proper attention to maintain these wildlife conservations. Predators are the safeguard of the other species, the carnivores like Tigers protect the no. herbivores. Predators also influenced the population of the others species, they are useful to maintained the vital ecological processes as nutrient and water cycling. Thus the wildlife conservations protects our wildlife wealth itself. If you have dare to roar like a jungle king and shake hand to the big cats or other wild animals go and catch the lifetime experience with wildlife conservation in India.
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