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Published by: vasuiit on Aug 26, 2011
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Threats to wildlife 
Carrying capacity: The carrying capacity of the wildlife parks has considerably increased. Eco-and adventure tourism have reached an all-time high in popularity. Attendance rates at some of the best-known national parks have soared in recent years, bringing with them increased vehiclepollution, wildlife road fatalities, and damage to precious habitat. People have started movingtowards these national parks as the ultimate tourist destinations. Besides this, the wildlife in thesenature parks is blooming.Wildfires: Seemingly innocent campfires have been started by visitors in various national parkswhich can blaze out of control and grow into menacing, habitat-devouring wildfires in no time atall. This summer alone, wildfires in the western United States ravaged hundreds of thousands of acres of pristine forestland. Hence, wildfires can turn out to be fatal and can damage the naturalhabitats too!Personal Watercraft: Very often referred to as jet skis or wave runners, personal watercraft(PWCs) routinely harass wildlife in coastal habitats. Because they are compact and quick, PWCscan stratagem into tight situations of brush and shallow water, discharging nesting birds from their roosts and disturbing mating patterns. In addition, the amount of pollution they release isstaggering. According to a recent Environmental Protection Agency study, nearly one-third of PWC's fuel and oil can be leaked directly into the water and air.Snowmobiles: Like personal watercraft, snowmobiles also cause intense air, water, and noisepollution; disrupt area wildlife; and greatly reduce the serene satisfaction enjoyed by other visitorsto our national parks. Every year, more than 180,000 snowmobiles visit our parks. And while wemay not be able to measure the precise impact of snowmobile use on these lands, it should betaken into account that fresh air must be pumped into their booths because of extremely highlevels of air pollution from snowmobiles. We also know that snowmobiles release harmful toxinsinto water supplies, burden snowpack with pollutants, and permanently damage the flora.Wildlife ConservationToxic chemicals: It wasn't until 1972, when a lawsuit led to the ban of harmful pesticides such as DDT, that the agricultural tide began to turn. Indeed the gratifyingelimination of the harmful chemicals such as DDT, helped the survival of the peregrine falcon,bald eagle, and brown pelican flourish.Climate change: Those fossil fuels that keep our homes toasty warm and our automobileschugging down the highway are also indirectly affecting global climate change. The burning of these fossil fuels-coal and oil, for example-results in an accelerated rate of global warming, atrend that scientists say will decimate an ecological catastrophe on temperatures, storm systems,and precipitation, which in turn will gravely affect habitat and migration patterns.
"Wildlife in itself is the biggest asset of earth . The entire ecological balance exists due to thesynchronization of the flow of energy in the wildly perplexing web of nature".Indian Wildlife ConservationSave the World of the Wild!Today, the world of wildlife conservation and indeed animal welfare is being torn apart by thethoughts and actions of certain countries who believe wildlife to be a commodity for humanutilisation. This brand of philosophy also suggests that without being of any utilitarian value tohumanity, a species does not have an intrinsic right to live in the world. An extension of this verysame philosophy has seen a partial resumption of the ivory trade in Africa, the pressure on theneed to hunt whales and turtles, and the proposals to farm wild animals for medicine and food.The Traditional DimensionAsia is an old continent with age-old traditions, beliefs and philosophies. Many people in Asia donot act only for economic or materialistic gain, but also at times when they feel strongly about theintrinsic or spiritual side of things. Conserving wildlife is no exception. Wildlife has traditionallybeen a resource in Asia as it has been in other parts of the world, but there has historically never been an emphasis on either its mindless use or its utilisation for exclusive economic benefit.On the converse, much of Chinese, Japanese or Indian philosophy and thought have been basedon natural aesthetics and many of its religions have sprung from early nature worship.Substantial EndeavoursIn light of the current wildlife and animal welfare debate on the utilisation of species and the fixingof economic price tags on animal life, the Asian Conservation Alliance and the Wildlife Trust of India, supported by the International Fund for Animal Welfare is bringing out this illuminatingcollection of essays on conservation philosophy from all over Asia.Major religions like Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism and Judaism have influenced the movement indifferent Asian countries from Thailand and Sri Lanka to Jordan and Israel, and how this contrastswith the animistic traditions of countries like Mongolia.
Importance of wildlife conservation
Due to the growing impact of deforestation, continuous efforts are being made by some anxiousanimal lovers to protect the endangered species of wildlife as well as those that are on the vergeof extinction and thus save the world from running out its green heritage. Wildlife is important for four main reasons:
Beauty: By their unique way of existence, wild creatures exaggerate the natural beauty of theearth.Economic value: The financial value of wild species is important to the economies of severalnations, as it provides many valuable substances like wood and other plant products, fibers, meatand other foods, and skins and furs.Scientific value: By studying wildlife, scientists have gained valuable knowledge about various lifeprocesses and discovered important medical productsSurvival value: Wildlife helps in maintaining the balanced living systems of earth, whichconsequently ensures survival of life.The wildlife conservation projects and programsTo promote wildlife awareness among the people, the Indian government has started variousnatural projects and programs such as Project Tiger, Nature Camps and Jungle Lodges. Theseprojects not only help to preserve our natural heritage, but encourage eco-tourism as well.Project Tiger was formed in 1972 and launched on the 1st April 1973 at Corbett National Park. Tilldate, the project has been the most successful one in preserving the tiger population at Tiger Reserves in Bandhavgarh, Corbett, Pench, Ranthambhore, Kanha, Bandipur, Panna, Dudhwa,Sunderbans, Manas and Sariska. All these reserves act as Conservation Centers for tigers inIndia.Besides, there is the Gir National Park, the only habitat for Asiatic lions in India. The KazirangaWildlife Sanctuary is Assam is renowned for protecting the endangered one-horned Rhinoceros.There's also Dachigam National Park, which conserves the Hangul or Kashmiri Stag.Project Elephant, a centrally sponsored scheme, was launched in February 1992 to providefinancial and technical support to major elephant bearing states in India for protection of elephants, their habitats and corridors. The Project, involving 25 Elephant Reserves across thecountry, is being implemented in 13 States and Union Territories in India, namely, AndhraPradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Meghalaya, Nagaland,Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.The NGOsThere are also various NGOs working on wildlife conservation in India such as Wildlife Society of Orissa (Orissa), Rhino Foundation for Nature (Assam), Friends of Forests (Maharashtra), NorthEastern Society for Preservation of Nature and Wildlife (West Bengal), Nature's Beckon (Assam),Nature Conservation Society Amravati (Maharashtra), The Friends of the Doon (Uttaranchal) andBali Nature and Wild Life Conservation Society (West Bengal).The gradual emergence of the human beings as the most dominant species among all other species of animals and the attempt of the human beings to set themselves apart from other species is the main underlying cause of the contemporary environmental disaster. The mainreason behind a threat to the wildlife and the ecosystem is the constantly growing deforestation,poaching and negligence towards animals and nature. The Indian Government has started natureprojects like, Project Tiger, Nature Camps, Jungle Lodges, etc. to encourage wildlife awarenessamong the common people. Besides preserving the natural heritage, these projects also promoteeco-tourism.Some of the important projects and programs on Wildlife Conservation in India are:* Eco Tourism in India* Project Tiger 

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