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Cervical Cancer Vaccine - Eco No Metrics Project

Cervical Cancer Vaccine - Eco No Metrics Project

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Published by Oana Caz

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Published by: Oana Caz on Aug 26, 2011
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12/07/2013

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Cervical Cancer Vaccine
Cazacu OanaGroup 132
 
2Cazacu Oana  group 132Cervical Cancer Vaccine 
I
ntroduction
 
In this project I tried to show how several aspects related to the cervical cancer vaccinecampaign influenced the people, and how many, eventually found out about the campaign. Thedata provided in our project was taken from the statistic data base that we did last year for our statistic project. Last year, I and my team made a questionnaire which was filled in by 135 people. Their answers formed our data base.
Hyp
othesis testing
A hypothesis is a statement about a population parameter from one or more populations.A hypothesis test is a procedure that states the hypothesis which is to be tested, it uses sampleinformation and formulated a decision rule, and it is based on the outcome of the decision rule.Depending on the outcome of the decision rule the hypothesis can be statistically validated or rejected.In order to do a hypothesis test, the following steps must be followed:1.
 
S
tate the hypothesis2.
 
S
tate the significance level3.
 
S
tate the cut-off values4.
 
Calculate the test statistics5.
 
Compare z calculated to critical values6.
 
Decide into what region falls z: rejection or acceptance7.
 
Decide upon the acceptance or rejection of null hypothesis8.
 
Comment the decisionA hypothesis test always includes two hypotheses:a)
 
The null hypothesis (H
0
): The null hypothesis is the hypothesis to be tested. b)
 
The alternative hypothesis (H
1
): The alternative hypothesis is the one accepted if the nullhypothesis is rejected.H
0
and H
1
can be almost anything, and as complicated or as simple as we wish.The significance level is one of the most confusing terms for students. Each studentwonders if a ³5 percent significance level mean there is only a 5% chance that my result aresignificant?´.The significance level is actually the alpha, or Type I risk. If the null hypothesis istrue, there is a 5 percent chance of rejecting it because of random variation.
F
irst Problem
A survey was made to test is if the percentage of people that are between the age of 16-20 found out about the cervical cancer vaccine campaign from watching TV is significantlyhigher than those that that found out about it through the internet. The results of the survey saidthat the number of persons that had as a source of information the TV was smaller than thenumber of persons that had as a source of information the Internet.I want to test at a level of significance of 5% if the number of people with the age between 16 and 20 who found out about the vaccine from Internet is significantly higher than thenumber of people who found out from the TV.
 
3Cazacu Oana  group 132Cervical Cancer Vaccine 
Table 1 present the classification of people based on 6 groups of age. I choose to makethe hypothesis testing on the group 16 to 20 because it was the largest group. All the data wascollected from the data base.Table 1: Persons grouped by ageAlso, from the data base I collected all the information about who found out about thevaccine from the television and from the internet for all groups of age. I will present thisinformation in Table 2.
Groups of age
 
Information mean - Television Information mean - Internet
 
16-20
 
44 21
21-25
 
18 7
26-30
 
10 3
31-35
 
3 2
36-40
 
5 2
41-45
 
5 1
Total
85 36We are in the case of testing a proportion.In order for me to do the hypothesis test, I have to follow the next steps:
Ste
p
 
1:
In this step I have to define the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis.I denote with n
1
the total persons, no matter the age they have, that found out about the vaccinefrom the television, and with n
2
the total number of persons who found out through the internet.
5
3%22%10%4%6%
5
%
Persons grouped by age categories
16-2021-2
5
26-3031-3
5
36-4041-4
5

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