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Table Of Contents

Introduction
0.1 Gauge invariance
0.2 Reasons for gauge theories of strong and electroweak interactions
Electroweak theory
Classical fields, symmetries and their breaking
1.1 The action, equations of motion, symmetries and conservation laws
Equations of motion
Global symmetries
Space-time transformations
Examples
1.2 Classical field equations
Scalar field theory and spontaneous breaking of global symmetries
Spinor fields
1.3 Gauge field theories
U(1) gauge symmetry
Non-abelian gauge symmetry
1.4 From classical to quantum fields (canonical quantization)
Scalar fields
The Feynman propagator
Symmetry transformations for quantum fields
1.5 Discrete symmetries
Space reflection
Summary and the CPT transformation
Problems
Path integral formulation of quantum field theory
2.1 Path integrals in quantum mechanics
Transition matrix elements as path integrals
Matrix elements of position operators
2.2 Vacuum-to-vacuum transitions and the imaginary time formalism
General discussion
Harmonic oscillator
Perturbation theory and the generating functional
Wick’s theorem
An example: four-point Green’s function in λ 4
Momentum space
2.5 Path integrals for fermions; Grassmann algebra
Anticommuting c-numbers
Dirac propagator
Classification of Green’s functions and generating functionals
Effective action
Spontaneous symmetry breaking and effective action
Effective potential
2.7 Green’s functions and the scattering operator
Feynman rules for Yang–Mills theories
3.1 The Faddeev–Popov determinant
Gauge invariance and the path integral
Faddeev–Popov determinant
Non-covariant gauges
3.2 Feynman rules for QCD
Calculation of the Faddeev–Popov determinant
Feynman rules
3.3 Unitarity, ghosts, Becchi–Rouet–Stora transformation
Unitarity and ghosts
BRS and anti-BRS symmetry
Introduction to the theory of renormalization
4.1 Physical sense of renormalization and its arbitrariness
Bare and ‘physical’ quantities
Counterterms and the renormalization conditions
Arbitrariness of renormalization
Final remarks
4.2 Classification of the divergent diagrams
Structure of the UV divergences by momentum power counting
Classification of divergent diagrams
Necessary counterterms
Feynman rules including counterterms
Calculation of Fig. 4.8(b)
Comments on analytic continuation to n =4 dimensions
Lowest order renormalization
4.4 Effective field theories
Quantum electrodynamics
5.1 Ward–Takahashi identities
General derivation by the functional technique
General introduction
Vacuum polarization
Electron self-energy correction
Electron self-energy: IR singularities regularized by photon mass
On-shell vertex correction
5.3 Massless QED
Self-energy calculation
Vertex calculation
5.5 Coulomb scattering and the IR problem
Corrections of order α
IR problem to all orders in α
Renormalization group
6.1 Renormalization group equation (RGE)
Derivation of the RGE
Solving the RGE
Green’s functions for rescaled momenta
6.2 Calculation of the renormalization group functions β,γ,γm
6.3 Fixed points; effective coupling constant
Fixed points
Effective coupling constant
Renormalization scheme dependence
Effective α in QED
Gauge dependence of the β-function
Scale invariance and operator product expansion
7.1 Scale invariance
Scale transformations
Dilatation current
Conformal transformations
7.2 Broken scale invariance
Anomalous breaking of scale invariance
7.3 Dimensional transmutation
7.4 Operator product expansion (OPE)
Short distance expansion
Light-cone expansion
7.5 The relevance of the light-cone
Electron–positron annihilation
Deep inelastic hadron leptoproduction
Wilson coefficients and moments of the structure function
7.6 Renormalization group and OPE
Renormalization of local composite operators
RGE for Wilson coefficients
OPE beyond perturbation theory
7.7 OPE and effective field theories
Quantum chromodynamics
8.1 General introduction
Renormalization and BRS invariance; counterterms
Asymptotic freedom of QCD
The Slavnov–Taylor identities
8.2 The background field method
8.3 The structure of the vacuum in non-abelian gauge theories
Homotopy classes and topological vacua
Physical vacuum
-vacuum and the functional integral formalism
8.4 Perturbative QCD and hard collisions
Parton picture
Factorization theorem
Structure functions and Born approximation
8.6 Light-cone variables, light-like gauge
8.7 Beyond the one-loop approximation
Comments on the IR problem in QCD
Chiral symmetry; spontaneous symmetry breaking
9.1 Chiral symmetry of the QCD lagrangian
9.2 Hypothesis of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking in strong interactions
Goldstone bosons as eigenvectors of the mass matrix
General proof of Goldstone’s theorem
9.5 Patterns of spontaneous symmetry breaking
9.6 Goldstone bosons in QCD
Spontaneous and explicit global symmetry breaking
10.1 Internal symmetries and Ward identities
Preliminaries
Ward identities from the path integral
Comparison with the operator language
Renormalization of currents
10.2 Quark masses and chiral perturbation theory
Simple approach
Approach based on use of the Ward identity
10.3 Dashen’s theorems
Formulation of Dashen’s theorems
Dashen’s conditions and global symmetry broken by weak gauge interactions
Spectral function sum rules
Results
Higgs mechanism in gauge theories
11.1 Higgs mechanism
Dynamical breaking of gauge symmetry
Standard electroweak theory
12.1 The lagrangian
12.2 Electroweak currents and physical gauge boson fields
12.3 Fermion masses and mixing
12.4 Phenomenology of the tree level lagrangian
Effective four-fermion interactions
couplings
12.5 Beyond tree level
Renormalization and counterterms
Corrections to gauge boson propagators
Fermion self-energies
Running α(µ) in the electroweak theory
Muon decay in the one-loop approximation
12.6 Effective low energy theory for electroweak processes
QED as the effective low energy theory
12.7 Flavour changing neutral-current processes
QCD corrections to CP violation in the neutral kaon system
Chiral anomalies
13.1 Triangle diagram and different renormalization conditions
Calculation of the triangle amplitude
Different renormalization constraints for the triangle amplitude
Important comments
13.2 Some physical consequences of the chiral anomalies
Chiral invariance in spinor electrodynamics
Chiral anomaly for the axial U(1) current in QCD; UA(1) problem
Anomaly cancellation in the SU(2)×U(1) electroweak theory
Anomaly-free models
13.3 Anomalies and the path integral
Abelian anomaly
Non-abelian anomaly and gauge invariance
Consistent and covariant anomaly
13.4 Anomalies from the path integral in Euclidean space
Abelian anomaly with Dirac fermions
Non-abelian anomaly and chiral fermions
Effective lagrangians
14.1 Non-linear realization of the symmetry group
Non-linear σ-model
Effective lagrangian in the ξa(x) basis
Matrix representation for Goldstone boson fields
14.2 Effective lagrangians and anomalies
The Wess–Zumino term
Introduction to supersymmetry
15.1 Introduction
15.2 The supersymmetry algebra
15.3 Simple consequences of the supersymmetry algebra
15.4 Superspace and superfields for N = 1 supersymmetry
Superspace
Superfields
15.5 Supersymmetric lagrangian; Wess–Zumino model
15.6 Supersymmetry breaking
15.7 Supergraphs and the non-renormalization theorem
Parity
Time reversal
Charge conjugation
Feynman rules for the λ 4
Feynman rules for QED
Feynman rules for QCD
Dirac algebra in n dimensions
Feynman parameters
Feynman integrals in n dimensions
Gaussian integrals
Feynman integrals in light-like gauge n· A=0, n2
Convention for the logarithm
Spence functions:
Propagators of fermions
Propagators of the gauge bosons
Propagators of the Higgs and Goldstone bosons
Propagators of the ghost fields
Mixed propagators (only counterterms exist)
Gauge interactions of fermions
Yukawa interactions of fermions
Gauge interactions of the gauge bosons
Self-interactions of the Higgs and Goldstone bosons
Gauge interactions of the Higgs and Goldstone bosons
Gauge interactions of the ghost fields
Interactions of ghosts with Higgs and Goldstone bosons
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Pokorski Gauge Field Theories

Pokorski Gauge Field Theories

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Published by: Gesichts Buch on Aug 26, 2011
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12/31/2012

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