THE BIG FIVE1) [FAR 61.57(c)] What do you need to be current for IFR flight?
Within the proceeding 6 calendar months (only in aircraft category and class you are instrument rated):1. At least 6 instrument approaches2. Holding procedures3. Intercepting and Tracking courses through the use of NAVAIDSIf you are not current after 6 months then you no longer have the privileges of an IFR pilot, but you may still getcurrent by flying in Sim Instrument conditions or in a Simulator. After 1 yr. you are required to get an InstrumentProficiency Check. Which can be given by an examiner, CFII or other authorized check pilots.
You will still need to be (Day / Night) VFR current if you wish to take passengers; and
Current with your PIC (Bi-Annual Flight Review)
2) [FAR 91.169] Destination and Alternate Airport minimums for IFR flight?
Destination Airport: At ETA and for 1 hour after ETA the ceiling height must be greater than 1,000ft above airportelevation, or greater than 400ft above the lowest practical DH or MDA which ever is higher, and at least 2 SMvisibility. If below these minimums then you must file an alternate airport.Alternate Airport: At ETA the ceiling must be 200ft above the approach minimum to be flown and 1SM visibility (butnever less than minimum visibility for the approach to be flown)
If your alternate airport does not have a published approach then you are required to have VFR conditions (5+SM, 3000'+ Ceiling) and remain clear of clouds from your MEA down to the airport.
3) [FAR 91.183 & 91.185, AIM 5-3-1] What are your required radio reports for Radar & Non-Radar Contact?
olds (Entering or Exiting)
ltitude changes while operating under VFR-on-top
nable to climb / descend at a rate of at least 500 ft./min
oss of radios, navigation equipment or any other equipment deemed useful to IFR flight
issed approach (Going missed)
% or 10 KTS (whichever is greater) change in TAS from that filedNon-Radar Contact:
TA off by +/- 3 mins
AF (non-precision) or OM (precision) *inbound from*
ompulsory reporting points
Loss of equipment reports should include:
Degree to which operation under IFR will be impaired; and
Nature and extent of assistance desired from ATC.
By Edward Rehr