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Naval Aviation News - Apr 1948

Naval Aviation News - Apr 1948

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Published by CAP History Library
Navy
Navy

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Categories:Types, Research, Genealogy
Published by: CAP History Library on Aug 27, 2011
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06/01/2014

pdf

 
TEST
TUBE
TERRAIN
All
of
theN;1vy'~newe
t
planesgothroughtheirpacesatthestationabove;theonebelowisanewhomeforReserves.Locate
them!
Answersappearonlastpage.
 
NAVALAVIATIONNEWS
APR.IL
1948No.281
SuPER
JPOOK
I
1939
a
0l~11
and
a
piece
~f
paper
became
M.c-
DonnellAircraft-
Corperaticc.
As
happens
In
rareinstaoces,andinLine
with
thebest
American
"freeenterprise"tradition,thenew
corporation
grew
apidl
int
afront-line
airframe
manufacturer.
III
1943the
Aedg
Iingcornpan
y
obtainedth
e
COn
tractfor
theavy'sfirstall-jetcarrier
plant.
In
returnfor
itscashand
confidence.
theavyreceivedthe
PI)d'"
tom,
a.fighterthatmadeaviationhistory
in
1946;
by
becoming
the
first
American
all-jet
plane
to
take-off
andlandaboarda
carrier.Performance
maraeli"
Desofthe
XPD-l
wereeven
better
in
the
airthanonthedrawing
board-the
Navy
W,lS
pleased.
In
themeantime
jet
propulsion,
still
in
swaddling
clothewhenthe.FD-l
contract
wassigned,wasrap-
idly
growing
out
ofitsshortpants.
A
new
setof
longtrouserswas
pr0po
ed
hy
McDonnellin
1911.
Theproposalwas
happily
acepreI
by
theNaanddubbedtheXF2D-I,latertobecome
theXF2H-1.
It
wastobe
bigger.
morepowerful.speedier,oflongerrange.
In1947the
XF2H·]
made
itsfirst
publicdebut
wailinglikealostghost,Roasting
of
an"over600mph"
speed
andaphenomenalclimbof9000fpm.
It
wasaptly
named
the
B,IH.
bee
by
apressmanand
then,U11estuck.
Both
1VkOonnellandtheNav
had
been
well
sarisfiedwiththe
Phl/Il/om
desian.So,the
XrZH-1
setouttobea
progressivedevelopmentof
the
PbatJi'o7ll.
it
wastobebasedprjmarilyonaredesignofthePH-
J
(ID-l)wing
centersectionsoas
to
accommo-
date
the
J-':f
engines-then
intheworks.TIere-mainderoftheplanewastobeessentialtythesameasthe
P/:Nmt()ll1.
However,engineering-wise,thislaterproed
tl
be
impractical.
Design
studiesreultedinadecision
t
developanewairplane
rather
than
to
lIttemp(CO
modifythe
basic
FH-
Ldes,ign.
As
l'rNALLY
produced.
the
Banshee
retainthe
fl_
Pb(I1II01)/J
shark-like
aI'pearance.
But
under
theskir
thereis
muh
differentbesidesthe
extra
thrust
in
it
larger
engines,
The
Bdmheu',1
wings
andtailarethinner
thanthe
Pbrmtom'J·,
Ithasa
stillrnootherfinisband
11.
longerrange.
rt
arries
morefuel
andhasbetteJperformance
characteristics.
And
it
incorporatesa
varietyofengineeringimprove-ments
in
detaildesign.Maintenancewasoreatlysimplifiedandtheplanewasgivenaddrtionalutility.
Some
ofthe
engineeringhighlights
f
the
Ben-
.!bee·.1
developmentarepresented
in
this
article.
The
informationcomesfrom
3
paperwritten
by
Albert
A.
rsch,
ChiefDe
igD
Engineer
forMcDonnellandVernonOutman,ChiefTechnicalfulgineerfor.M.A.C.~ilcoupleof
guys
Wh0
were
therearthetime.
1

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