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46487225-Sec-1983-Outline

46487225-Sec-1983-Outline

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Published by Charlton Butler

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Published by: Charlton Butler on Aug 27, 2011
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05/25/2012

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United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth CircuitOffice of Staff Attorneys
Section 1983 Outline
December 2008Office of Staff AttorneysUnited States Court of Appealsfor the Ninth CircuitCorrections and comments should be e-mailed toJennifer Rich at
 jennifer_rich@ca9.uscourts.govThis outline is not intended to express the views or opinions of the Ninth Circuit,and it may not be cited to or by the courts of this circuit.
 
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The prior version of this outline was authored by Kent Brintnall in 2002. Updates inDecember 2008 were provided by Joanne Kim and Jennifer Rich.Many thanks to the staff attorneys and others who have reviewed sections of this outline, andhave contributed valuable comments and corrections.
 
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents....................................................iI.GENERAL § 1983 PRINCIPLES..................................1A.Elements of a § 1983 Action.................................11.Person.............................................2a.States.........................................2b.Territories.....................................2c.Local Governmental Units........................2(1)Status as Persons..........................3(2)Theory of Liability.........................3d.Agencies......................................7e.State Officials..................................8(1)Official Capacity..........................8(2)Personal Capacity..........................9(3)Determining Capacity......................10f.Federal Officials...............................102.Acting under Color of State Law.......................11a.General Principles..............................11b.Applications..................................12(1)State Employees..........................12(2)Prison Officials...........................12(3)Prison Physicians.........................12(4)Public Defenders.........................13(5)Private Parties............................13(6)Federal Employees........................143.Deprivation of a Right...............................15a.Rights Guaranteed by the Constitution..............15b.Rights Guaranteed by Federal Statutes..............15c.Rights Guaranteed by State Law..................16B.State-of-Mind Requirement.................................17C.Causation...............................................171.General Principles...................................172.Supervisory Liability................................183.Local Governmental Unit Liability......................184.Relationship to Relief Sought..........................19

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