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Curs Semestrul II at, IL - Gramatica

Curs Semestrul II at, IL - Gramatica

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Published by Ghenade Elena

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Ghenade Elena on Aug 28, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/07/2014

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Contents
Contents ................................................................................................................. 1I. The present continuous ....................................................................................... 2Form .................................................................................................................... 2 The spelling of the present participle .................................................................. 3Uses of the present continuous tense ................................................................. 4Verbs not normally used in the continuous tenses .............................................. 5II. The simple present tense ................................................................................... 7Form .................................................................................................................... 7Spelling notes ...................................................................................................... 7 The simple present used to express .................................................................... 8Exercises with present tense simple & continuous ................................................. 9III. The simple past tense ...................................................................................... 11Form .................................................................................................................. 11Spelling notes .................................................................................................... 12Irregular verbs: form ......................................................................................... 12Use ................................................................................................................... 12IV. The past continuous tense .............................................................................. 13Form .................................................................................................................. 13Exercises with the Simple Past and the Past Continuous ..................................... 14V. The present perfect tense ................................................................................ 18Form .................................................................................................................. 18Use .................................................................................................................... 19VI. The present perfect continuous tense ............................................................. 21Form .................................................................................................................. 21Use .................................................................................................................... 21Exercises with Present Perfect Simple & Present Perfect Continuous .................. 22 The Present Perfect and the Past Tense ............................................................... 25VII. The past perfect tense ................................................................................... 26Form .................................................................................................................. 26Use .................................................................................................................... 26VIII. The past perfect continuous tense ................................................................ 27Form ................................................................................................................. 27Use .................................................................................................................... 27
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I. The present continuous
FormThe present continuous tense is formed with the present tense of the auxiliary verb be + the present participle:Affirmative NegativeInterrogativeI
am working I am not workingam I working? you are working you are not workingare you working?he/she/it is workinghe/she/it is not workingis he/she/it working?we are working we are not workingare we working? you are working you are not workingare you working?they are working they are not workingare they working?
 Negative interrogative:
am I not working? are you not working? is he not working?
Contractions: the verb be can be contracted, so the present continuous of any verb can becontracted:AffirmativeNegativeNegative interrogative
 I'm workingI'm not workingaren't I working?
2
 
 Note the irregular contraction
aren't I?
for 
am I not?
The spelling of the present participle
1.
When a verb ends in a single e, this
e
is dropped before
ing
argue arguing hate hating love loving 
Exceptions :age
ageing 
dye
dyeing 
 singe
 singeing agree agreeing see seeing 
2. When a verb of one syllable has one vowel and ends in a single consonant, this consonant isdoubled before
ing:
hit hitting run running  stop stopping 
3. Verbs of two or more syllables whose last syllable contains only one vowel and ends in asingle consonant double this consonant if the stress falls on the last syllable:
admit admitting begin beginning  prefer preferring 
4. Exceptions
budget budgeting 
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