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Table Of Contents

Introducing Telecommunications
1.1 Communication Systems
1.1.2 The Parts of a Communication System
1.1.3 An Example of a Communication System
The Transmitter
The Channel
The Receiver
1.2 Telecommunication Systems
1.2.2 Four Examples and an Erratic History Lesson
1.3 Analog and Digital Communication Systems
1.3.1 Some Introductory Definitions
1.3.3 And Digital Became the Favorite
1.4 Congrats and Conclusion
Problems
2.1 Telecommunication Network Basics
2.1.1 Connecting People with Telephones
2.1.2 Connecting More People, Farther Apart
2.1.3 Multiplexing—An Alternative to a Lot of Wire
First There Was FDM
Along Came TDM
2.2 POTS: Plain Old Telephone System
2.2.2 Long Distance Calls
Connecting the Call
2.2.3 The Signals Sent from Switching Center to Switching Center
Class 5 to Class 4
Other Signals between Switching Centers
2.3 Communication Channels
2.3.1 Transmission Lines (Wires)
2.3.2 Terrestrial Microwave
2.3.3 Satellite Connections
2.4 Data Communication Networks
2.5 Mobile Communications
2.6 Local Area Networks (LANs)
2.7 Conclusion
A Review of Some Important Math, Stats, and Systems
3.1.2 The Distribution Function: One Way to Describe x
3.1.3 The Density Function: A Second Way to Describe x
3.1.4 The Mean and the Variance
Example 3.1
3.1.5 Multiple Random Variables
3.2 Random Processes
3.2.2 Expressing Yourself, or a Complete Statistical Description
3.2.3 Expressing Some of Yourself, or a Partial Description
Example 3.2
3.3 Signals and Systems: A Quick Peek
3.3.2 Another Way to Represent a Signal: The Fourier Transform
Example 3.3
3.3.4 A Linear Time Invariant (LTI) System
3.3.5 Some Special Linear Time Invariant (LTI) Systems
The Information in the Samples
Getting Back All the Information from the Samples
Some Commonly Used Words
Example 4.1
4.1.2 Zero-order Hold Sampling
Example 4.2
Example 4.3
Who wants it?
Quantizer Terms
Types of Quantizers
Example 4.4
What Is a Good Quantizer?
Measures of Performance
Creating the Good Quantizer
Example 4.5
4.2.3 The Quantizer and the Telephone
The Idea
4.3 Source Coding: Pulse Code Modulator (PCM)
4.4 Predictive Coding
4.4.1 The Idea Behind Predictive Coding
4.4.3 The Predicted Value and the Predictive Decoder
4.4.4 The Delta Modulator (DM)
How the DM creates an x
The Block Diagram of the DM
The Sampler and the Quantizer in the DM
Example 4.6
4.4.6 Overload and Granular Noise
4.4.7 Differential PCM (DPCM)
The Predicted Value
Example 4.7
The Block Diagram
4.5 Congrats and Conclusion
RZ Modulators
Phase-encoded Modulators
Which Modulator to Use?
5.2.2 Bandpass Modulators
Example 5.2
Choosing a Modulation Method
5.3 Just-in-Time Math, or How to Make a Modulator Signal Look Funny
Example 5.3
5.3.2 Representing Modulated Signals
BPSK
4-PSK
5.4.1 What Demodulators Do
5.4.2 The Channel and Its Noise
5.4.3 Building a Demodulator, Part I—the Receiver Front End
What it does
An orthonormal basis for r(t)
Representing r(t) as a vector using the orthonormal basis
Building the Receiver Front End
Example 5.4
5.4.4 The Rest of the Demodulator, Part II—The Decision Makers
What It Does
How It Works
The Correlator Receiver
Example 5.5
The Matched Filter Receiver—Version 1
The Matched Filter Receiver —Version 2
5.5 How Good Is It Anyway (Performance Measures)
ε for Simple Cases
The BPSK Modulator Remembered
The BPSK Demodulator: A Summary
Evaluating the P(εεεεε)
6.1.1 The Single Parity Check Bit Coder
Example 6.1
Channel Coders for Rectangular Codes
Channel Decoders for Rectangular Codes
Example 6.2
6.2 Linear block codes
Example 6.3
6.2.3 Systematic Linear Block Codes
Example 6.4
Example 6.5
Example 6.6
6.3 Performance of the Block Coders
6.3.1 Performances of Single Parity Check Bit Coders/Decoders
6.3.2 The Performance of Rectangular Codes
6.3.3 The Performance of Linear Block Codes
Example 6.7
6.4 Benefits and Costs of Block Coders
6.5 Conclusion
Example 7.1
7.2 Channel Decoding
7.2.1 Using a Trellis Diagram
Example 7.2
7.2.2 The Viterbi Algorithm
Example 7.3
7.3 Performance of the Convolutional Coder
7.4 Catastrophic Codes
7.5 Building Your Own
Trellis-Coded Modulation (TCM)
8.2 Improving on the Idea
Example 8.1
8.3 The Receiver End of Things
8.3.2 The TCM Decoder Front End
8.3.3 The Rest of the TCM Decoder
Example 8.2
8.3.4 Searching for the Best Path
9.1 Modulators and Pulse Shaping
Example 9.1
9.2 The Channel That Thought It Was a Filter
Example 9.2
9.3 Receivers: A First Try
9.3.2 Making the Receiver a Good One
9.3.3 The Proposed Receiver: Problems and Usefulness
Example 9.3
9.4 Optimal Receiver Front End
9.5 Optimal Rest-of-the-Receiver
9.5.2 A Problem with the Input, and a Solution
9.5.3 The Final Part of the Optimal Receiver
Example 9.4
9.5.4 An Issue with Using the Whitening Filter and MLSE
9.6 Linear Equalizers
9.6.1 Zero Forcing Linear Equalizer
9.6.2 MMSE (Minimum Mean Squared Error) Equalizer
Example 9.5
9.7 Other Equalizers: the FSE and the DFE
9.8 Conclusion
10.2 Estimation: Part 1
10.2.2 What We Need to Get an Estimate of a Given r
10.2.3 Estimating a Given r, the First Way
10.2.4 Estimating a Given r, the Second Way
10.2.5 Estimating a Given r, the Third Way
Example 10.1
10.3 Evaluating Channel Phase: A Practical Example
10.3.1 Our Example and Its Theoretically Computed Estimate
10.3.2 The Practical Estimator: the PLL
10.3.3 Updates to the Practical Estimator in MPSK
11.2 The Underlying Ideas
Example 11.1
Example 11.2
12.2 Amplitude Modulation (AM)
Example 12.1
Example 12.2
12.3 Frequency Modulation (FM)
Example 12.3
12.4 The Superheterodyne Receiver
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Telecommunications Demystified

Telecommunications Demystified

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Published by: Alfonso Rafael Marino Manga on Aug 28, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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