The crest of a waveis its highest point.
The Earth's crust is itsoutermost, rocky layer.
A current is anon-periodichorizontalmovement of water. Currentsare caused bywinds,temperaturedifferentials,and other forces. They are NOT caused bytidal forces (thegravitationalforces of theMoon and Sun).Some major currents includethe Gulf Streamin the AtlanticOcean and theHumboldtCurrent in thePacific Ocean.
A debrisavalanche is asuddenrock/soil/debrisslide and flowswith great speedfrom a volcano.
Drawback is a phenomenon inwhich the oceanrecedes before atsunami strikes acoast.
An earthquake is asudden, violentmovement of theearth's crust.
The epicenter is the point on the Earth'ssurface directlyabove the place thatan earthquakeoccured.
An eruption isvolcanic activityin whichlava,tephra, or gasesare released.
The frequency of a wave is thenumber of timesthat a wave is produced withina time period.
A guyot is aflat-topped,underseamountain (aseamount
)formed from avolcano.
A hot spot is a anarea in the Earth'slithosphere throughwhich magma(molten rock) rises.Volcanoes oftenerupt over hotspots.
Krakatoa is a compositevolcano located inIndonesia. On August 26,1883 Krakatoa eruptedviolently, destroying mostof the volcano and killingthousands of people. Thiswas one of the biggestvolcanic eruptions in