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Eaves

Eaves

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Published by Patrick Refalo

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Published by: Patrick Refalo on Aug 29, 2011
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 NCCI: Design of portal frame eaves connectionsSN041a-EN-EU
NCCI: Design of portal frame eaves connections
This NCCI provides information on the design method for a bolted eaves moment connection. It includes several simplifications which are explained throughout the document, to obtain simpler but conservative calculations.
Contents
NCCI: Design of portal frame eaves connections
   C  r  e  a   t  e   d  o  n   M  o  n   d  a  y ,   J  a  n  u  a  r  y   0   3 ,   2   0   1   1   T   h   i  s  m  a   t  e  r   i  a   l   i  s  c  o  p  y  r   i  g   h   t  -  a   l   l  r   i  g   h   t  s  r  e  s  e  r  v  e   d .   U  s  e  o   f   t   h   i  s   d  o  c  u  m  e  n   t   i  s  s  u   b   j  e  c   t   t  o   t   h  e   t  e  r  m  s  a  n   d  c  o  n   d   i   t   i  o  n  s  o   f   t   h  e   A  c  c  e  s  s   S   t  e  e   l   L   i  c  e  n  c  e   A  g  r  e  e  m  e  n   t
 
 NCCI: Design of portal frame eaves connectionsSN041a-EN-EU
1. Design model
1.1 Stiffness
According to§5.2.2.1(1) of EN 1993-1-8, a joint can be classified as rigid, nominally pinnedor semi-rigid according to its rotational stiffness by comparing its initial stiffness,
 j,ini
withthe classification boundaries given in§5.2.2.5of EN 1993-1-8. The initial stiffness of a jointconnecting H or I sections may be calculated according to the rules given in§6.3.1 of EN 1993-1-8.A joint may be classified on the basis of experimental evidence, experience of previoussatisfactory performance in similar cases or by calculations based on test evidence.
1.2 Strength
1.2.1 General model
The moment resistance,
 j,Rd
,
 
and the shear resistance,
 j,Rd
, of the joint depend on theconnected members and the basic components of the joint that make a contribution to the jointresistance: bolts, column web and flanges, haunch and rafter web and flanges and welds, seeFigure 1.1.§6.1.3andTable 6.1of EN 1993-1-8 provide the information to identify the basic  joint components.
21
 j,EdEd
3132
 j,EdEd
4756810947569108AABBCC
 
(a) Flush end plate (b) Extended end plateKey:1. Column2. Eaves haunch3. Rafter 4. Flange Weld5. Web weld6. Bolts7. End plate8. Shear bolts9. Optional tension stiffeners10. Compression stiffener A. Tension zone B. Shear zone C. Compression zone
 Figure 1.1
 
 Portal frame eaves connections with bolted end plate
Page 2
NCCI: Design of portal frame eaves connections
   C  r  e  a   t  e   d  o  n   M  o  n   d  a  y ,   J  a  n  u  a  r  y   0   3 ,   2   0   1   1   T   h   i  s  m  a   t  e  r   i  a   l   i  s  c  o  p  y  r   i  g   h   t  -  a   l   l  r   i  g   h   t  s  r  e  s  e  r  v  e   d .   U  s  e  o   f   t   h   i  s   d  o  c  u  m  e  n   t   i  s  s  u   b   j  e  c   t   t  o   t   h  e   t  e  r  m  s  a  n   d  c  o  n   d   i   t   i  o  n  s  o   f   t   h  e   A  c  c  e  s  s   S   t  e  e   l   L   i  c  e  n  c  e   A  g  r  e  e  m  e  n   t
 
 NCCI: Design of portal frame eaves connectionsSN041a-EN-EU
Some countries treat the bolts in the tension zone and in the shear zone as one group of bolts,therefore, extra bolts (noted * in Figure 1.1) may be required to satisfy the spacingrequirements inTable 3.3 of EN 1993-1-8. Other countries treat them as two separate boltgroups, and no additional bolts are necessary.According toEN 1993-1-8 §6.2.7.2, once the basic components have been identified, thedesign moment resistance of the eaves bolted end-plate joints may be determined from:
Rdtr,Rd j,
 F h
Σ
=
 where:
Rdtr,
 F 
is the effective design tension resistance of bolt-row
,
h
 
is the distance from bolt-row
to the centre of compression; this can be taken as themiddle of the compression flange of the haunch.
is the bolt-row number.The joint must satisfy:
0,1
Rd j,Ed j,
 The procedure to determine the joint resistance is presented inTable 1.1.
Table 1.1
 
 Procedure to determine F
tr,Rd
and the joint resistance
Step
1. Calculate potential tension resistance of each bolt rowin the tension zone
Rd(row)t,
 F 
 2. Calculate the design compression resistance in thecompression zone
Rdc,
 F 
 3. Calculate the design shear resistance of the columnweb panel
Rdwp,
 
4. Calculate the effective design tension resistance of each bolt row
Rdtr,
 F 
 
=
 F h
Rdtr,Rd j,
 5. Calculate the moment resistance of the joint
RdEd
 6. Assessment for vertical shear forces
1.2.2 Simplifications
Several simplifications have been done in this NCCI in order to make the calculation of theeaves moment connections easier, leading to a conservative approach. These are described below:
 
In the full calculation the tying resistance of bolt rows should be calculated byconsidering bolt rows individually and bolt rows as part of groups of bolt rows, andtaking the minimum resistance obtained. In this simple approach, only the individual boltrows are considered. This leads to conservative results but saves a lot of time and effort inthe process.Page 3
NCCI: Design of portal frame eaves connections
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