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French Lesson Small

French Lesson Small

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07/25/2013

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French
Lesson
Le
Meurtre
I:
See
rhe
uadrer
ambling up
the
hill,
head
to
rump,
head
to
rump.
Leam
what
a
varlrr
is
A
varlre
is
milkedin
the
mornrng,
and
milked
again
in
the
evening, lwirchingher
dung-soaked
tail,
her
head
in
a
stanchion.
Always
start
learning
your
foreign
language
with
the
names
of
fann
animals. Remembcrthatonc
arumal
is
rn
aninral,
bur
morethan
one
are
aninaux,
eru)tng
tn
a,
:r.
Do not
pronouncethe
x.
These
aninrarrc
live
on
e
Jenne
'fhereis
not
much
differencebetween
rhatword,y'rme'
and
ourown
word for
theplacc wherewisps
ofsrraw
covcr
everyrhing,
rhe barnyard
is
deep
in
mud,
and
a
hotdunghill
*eamr
by
rhe
brrn
door
on
r
wintcr
morning.
so
it
should
be
eesy
to learn.
Fetne
We
can
now introduce
the
definitc
articlesie,
la,
andles,
which
we
know
already
from
certain
phrases
we
see
1n
our owncountry,
such
asIe
ut
lesandwich,
le
af6,
Fteith
L6'ot I
129
les
girls
Bcsides
lararhe,thcre
arc
other
animaux
on
Ia
.Jt're,
whose
buildings
are
wcather-beaten,
pocked
with
rustynails,
and
lcaning
at
odd
angles,
but
wtrch
has
a
n€w
tracror
Les
chiens
cringc
in
rhc
preseuce
of
their
ntster,
lt
Jerniu,
and
bark at
/es
drars
as
lrs
r/?arr
slink
mewingto
rl)eback
door,
and
lcrporlctucluck
and
scrarch
and
arc
specral
pcts
oflc.fcnnier'schildren
until
thcy
are
beheadcd
by
le
lirniu
and,
plucked
by
ta
fentne
of tt
Jerniet
with
herred-knuckled
hands
andthen
cooked
and
catcl
by
chc
cntrre-lrmi//r_
Until
furdrcrnoticc
do
not
pronouncc
the
6nal
consonants
ofany
ofthc
words
in your
newvocabulary
unless
they
arc
followcdby
thc
lctrer e, and
somerimcs
nor
even
theu.
The
rulcsrnd
thcir
nurnerousexceptions
will
be
covercd
irrlatcr
les-
!(/e
wjll
uow
introduce
a
piece
of
languagc
hisbry
and rhen,
following
it,
a
languageconcept
Agrrculure
rr J
pursurr
inFrrncr.
rr
ir
cour,try,but
the
word
is
pronounced
ditlereudy,ajrr-cuhure
-fhc
spelling
is
the
samebecause
thc
woril
is
derived
from
the
Larin
In
your
lessons
you
will
noticc
rhrt
some French
words,
such
as
la-[rnc,
rrc
spcllcd
thc
same
way
or
nearly
rhe
s:mc
way
as
thc,ctlLrivalent
words
rn
our
own
language,
end
in
rhcsc
crscs
c
words
in
both
languagesarc
derived
lrom
thc
sarnc
Latiu
wordOther
Frcnch
words
are
not
at
all
likc
oLrr
words
for
the same
things
In
dresecases,
the
Frcnchwords
are
usuallyderivcd
from
rhe
Latinbut ourwords
ibr
tlre
 
1J0
I
F43.h
L6so
I
same
things
are
rot,
rnd
havecome
to
us
fiorn
the
Anglo-Saxon,
theDanish,
ald
so
on. Thrsis
a
piece
of
information
about languagc
history.
Thcre
willbe
more
language
history
in
later
lcssons,
because
language
his-
tory
is
reallyquite
lascinaring,
as
we
hope
you
will
agree
by
thc
end
of
rhr: course.
We
have
just
said
that
wc
have
our
own
wordsin
English
lor
ihe
same
things.
Thisis
not
strictly
true.
We
can'treatly
say
therearc scveral
words
lor
the
same
thing.
It
rs
in
fact
jusr
the oPposrte-therc is
only
one
word
for
mrny
things,
and usuallyeven
that
word,when
it
is
a
noul,
is too
general
Keep
this
languageconcept
inmind
as
youlistento
the
following
cxampler
A
French
arbre
is
not
the
elm
or
mapleshading
the
main
street
ofour
Ncw
Englalrd
to\,r'ns
in
thc
infinitely
long,hor
and
listless,vacant
summcr
ofour
childhoods,
whi.h
are
rhemselves
dillerent
from
the childhoods
of
French
children,
rnd
il
you
see
r
Frc'nchmanstanding
on
r
stre(t
ln
a
small
town
rn Amcricrpointing to
an
elm
or
a mapleand
calling
ir
an
arbre,
you
will
know
thr.
is
wrong.
An
arbre
is
a
pLne
trec in
rn
rncient
(own
square
with
lopped,stubby
branches
and
prtchy,
lep-rousbark standing
in
a
row
of
similar
plane
trees across
ftom
ihe
townhall,
in
front
ofwhich
a
bicycleridden
by
a
mrnwith
thick,
reddish skinrnd
an
old
caP
waverspast end
turns
tnlo
a
narrow
lane.
Or
an
arbre
is one
of
the
dense,
scrubby
live
oaks
irr
the blazing
dryhills
of
Provencc, through
which
a
slm
ar
ngure
in
a
blu€
clorh
Frer.hL6\on
t I
1)1
jacketcarrying
some
sort
of
a
nct
or
trap
pushcshis
way
An
arbre
can alsocast
a
pleasant
shadc
andkcep
lamalson
cool
in
the
summer,
but
rcmemberthatld
mai\on
is
not
wood-frarned
with
r
widow'swalk
and
a
wide
front
porchbut
is
laidour on
r
rorth-south
axrs.
is
builtofrrrcgular,
sand-colored
blocks
ofstone.
and
has a
retl
rile
roof,
small
square
windowswirh
grccn
shutters,
and
no
windows
on
the
north
side,
which
js
rlso
prorected
from
the
wrnd
by
r
closely planred
line
of
cypresses,
while
a
pretry
mulberryor olive
may
shade
thc
south
Not
thatlhcre rrenor many
dillerent
sorts
of
ndisons
inFrance,
their
archirccture
depcldingou their
climare
or
ol
dre
facrrhat
there
may
be a
loreigncounrry
nearby,
like
Germany,
but
we cannot
really
have
rnore
thanone
imagebehind
a
word
we
say,
like
maison.
What
do
yor.r
see
whenyou
sayhoare?
l)o
you
see
more
lhan one
kind
ofhouse?
When
arc we goingro
rcturn
to
our
/enne?
As
we
poinced
out
earlicr,
r
languagesrudent
should
master
la
lirrre
belore he
or
she
moves
on
to
/a
ritlr,just
:rs
wcshouldall cometo
rhe
crry
or
y
in
our
adolesccnt
ycars,
when
urture.
or
rnimrl
lifc.
ir
no
longer
as
irrrporrrnror interestingto
us
as
i!
once
was,
lf
you
stand
in
a
rilled
frcld
rt
thc
edge
of
ld
I?m4
you
will
hear
les
vathes
lowtttg
becausc
it
is
five
in
rhe
winter
cvening
ald
rheir
uddersarc
futt
A
lighr
ison
in
the
barn,
but
ourside
it
is
dark
aud
Ia
Jtnneof
Ic
Jernier
looks
out
a
little
anxiously
across
thebaruyard
 
1i2
I
Fren.h
Laron
Ifrom
the
window
of
her
raisire,
where
shc
is
peelinli
vegetables
Now
thc
hired
man
is
silhouetted
in
the
doorway
ofthe
barn.
L/Jcn,xewonderswhy
ic
is
srand-
ing
still
holding
a
short
objccin
his
right band
Theplural
article
lcs,
spetled
I
r
s,
as
nr
i
es
varler'
is
invariable,
but
do
uotprorounce
the
J
Thc singular
xrticle
is
either
masculinc.
le.
or
feminine,
la,
depending
on
thenouu
it
accompaDies,aud
itmrrst always
be
learnedalong
with
any
newnounin
your
vocabutary,
because
rhere is
very
littlc
else
to
go
by,
torcll
what
in
the
worldof
French
nouusis masculinc
rnd
what
is
fcmininc
You
mey
lry
to
rcmembcr
that
all
countries
eudrng
in
silenr
e
are
ferninirreexccpr
for
h
Mexiq
e,
or
thrt
all
the
states
in
rhe
United
Strtes
ofAnrerica
endiDg
in
silent
e
arc
fem-ininc
except
for
Mrinc-just
as
in
Germen
tbe
four
sea-
sons aremascuhne
andall minerals
are
masculine-but
you
wi)l
soon
forget
these
rules
Oncday'however'
la
naison
will
sccnincvitrbly
fcminine
to
yolr,wirh
itswelcoming
open
doors.
rr
shady
roorns,
its
wrrm
kilchcn
La
bi.ydette,
a
word
werre introducing
now'
will
rlso
seem
feminine,
rnd
can be
rhought
ofas
a
young girl,ribbons
f,uttering
iu
her
sPokesas
she
wobbles
down
thc rutted
lane
away
from
the
hrm
La
bicyclette
Bnt
rhat
wascarlier
in
the
,fiernoon
Now
ler
/ader
stand
ar thebarnyardgatc,
lowing
and
chewing
rherr
cuds
Thc word
rad,and
probably
also
the
word
/ouing,
are
wordsyou
will
not
have
to
know
in
French,
since
you
would
almostnevcr
have occasion
to
use
them
I
I
)
Fre
ch
L6'on
I /
lJJ
Now
the
lrired
man
swings
opcn
Iabarriirc
and
les
rariro
anrbleacro.s
rhc
b,rrnyard.
uddcrs.uaying,
up
to their
hocks
jn
la
6ore,
nodding
their
hcadsand
switch_
ing their
trils
Now
their
hooves
clatrer
across
rhe
con_crete
flooroflagrar3c
aud the
hjred
manswin
gs
la
barriire
sbut.
But
whcre
is
lc
Jernier?
Andwhy,
rr
fact,js
the
chopping
block
covcred
with
saa3
that
rs
still
sricky,even
though
le
Jemier
has
nor
k,llcd
rn2orler
nr
days?
You
will
necd to
usc
indeEnite
articlcs
es
wcll
as
de{initearticles
with
your
nouDs,
end
we
must rcpcar
ther
you
will
nake no
rnisrakes
wirh
the
gclder
of
your
nouns
ifyou
lcarn
thearricles
ar the
srmc
time.
Un
is
masculne,
ane
is
feminine.
This
bcing
so,
what
geDdcr
is
,r,
porld,)
If
you
saymasculine
you
are
right,
rhough
thebirdhersclf
maybc a young
lemaleAfter
the
agc
of
tcn
months, howcver,whcn
she
should
also
be
stewcdrather
than
brolled,
fried,or
roasted,
she
is
known
as
/a
poalr
andmakes
a
grcatrackctafterlaying
a
clutch
ofcggsin
a
corrrer
of
the
poultry
yard
la
Jinne
wilt
havc
troublc
finding
in
thc
mornilg,whcl
she
will
alsodiscovcrsomethrng
that
docs
not
belong
chcre
andthat
nakes
her stand
srill,
her
apron
irll
ofeggs,
and
gazc
offacrossthe
frelds
Notice
that thewords
porile,
pould,
nd
poulrry,
es'
peciallywhen
seen
ol
rhe pagc,havesome
rcscmbbncc.This
is
because
all
rhree
are
derived
frorn
thc
same
Latin
word.
This
mayhelp
you
remembcr
the
wo:d
poulet.
Po
le,
poulet,
and
poulrry
have
no
rcscurblancc
to
thc

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