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Table Of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
SYSTEMIC CYBER SECURITY RISK
DESCRIPTION AND HISTORICAL CONTEXT
Early days of business and government computing
1970s and 1980s: changing patterns of risk
Routes to democratisation
The emergence of the Internet
Figure 1. Increasing dependence on the Internet
Figure 2. Increasing important of the Internet
Changing business practices
E-Government
Figure 3. Steps Towards E-Government
Smart Grids and SCADA
Cloud Computing
Complexity / Source Lines of Code / Program Bugs
Critical Infrastructures: Cyber Elements
Specific Systemic Threats
Table 1. Types of Malware
Blended attacks
Large-scale criminal attacks
Recreational Hacking
Hactivism
Large-scale State and Industrial espionage
REMEDIES
Remedies: Security Doctrines
Remedies: System Design
Remedies: Detective and Preventative
Figure 5. Shape of Disaster Recovery
RISK CHARACTERISATION, INTERLINKAGES AND KNOCK-ON EFFECTS
RISK ANALYSIS AND THE BROADER CONTEXT
Impact, scope and duration
Threshold, tipping, trigger and control points
Duration Issues
Figure 6. Internet Users per 100 Inhabitants 1998-2008
LEVEL OF PREPAREDNESS
Military Responses
Civil Contingencies
Private sector
Policing and Counter-Fraud Responses
Research Responses
Legal and Regulatory Approaches
Table 2. Extract from provisions of leading cybercrime laws
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
National Strategies
Public Private Partnerships
International Strategies
Possible New Technical Measures
Research
Education
APPENDIX 1
APPENDIX 2
REFERENCES
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Reducing Systemic Cyber Security Risk

Reducing Systemic Cyber Security Risk

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Published by NewsGlobus Globus

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Published by: NewsGlobus Globus on Aug 29, 2011
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07/16/2013

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