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TAREA 1 BMyE

TAREA 1 BMyE

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TAREA 1
TAREA 1

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Published by: pepenador on Aug 29, 2011
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STOICHIOMETRY
Exercises 2.1Anaturalgascontains60.7%CH4'29.03%H2,7.92%C2H6,0.98% C2H4,0.78%02,0.58%CO Find(a)Volumeofairnecessarytocompletelyburnit (b)Volumeofproductsofcombustion bothrelativetoonevolumeofgasandatthesametempera-tureandpressure.2.2Anannealingfurnaceusesafueloilcontaining16.4%Hand83.6%C.Itisproposedtofirethisfurnacewith25%excess air.Calculatethefluegasanalysis,assumingcomplete combustion.Repeatthecalculationassumingthat5%ofthe totalcarbonisburnttoCOonly. 2.3IfpureH2isburnedcompletelywith32%excessair,whatis theOrsatanalysisoftheproductgas?2.4Apyriteoreisreducedwithhydrogen.Theorecontains10% ofsolidinerts(gangue).TwentypercentexcessH2isused,andthecinder(solidresidue)remainingcontains5%FeS2by weight. FeS
+
2H2
->-
Fe
+
2H2SOnthebasisof100lboforecharged,calculatethevolume offurnacegasesat400°Cand1atm.(ft 3).2.5Anaturalgashasthefollowingcompositionbyvolume:CH4
=
94.1%,C 2H6
=
3.0%,N2
=
2.9%Atatemperatureof80°Fandatapressureof50psia, calculate: (a)thepartialpressureofthenitrogen(psia) (b)thevolumeofthenitrogencomponentper100cu.ft. ofgas(ft3)(e)thedensityofthegasinkg/m 3attheexistingconditions.Youmayassumethattheidealgaslawisapplicable. 2.6Azincretortischargedwith70kgofroastedzincconcen- tratescontaining45%Zn,presentasZnO.Reductiontakes placeaccordingtothereaction ZnO
+
C
=
Zn
+
COOne-fifthoftheZnOremainsunreduced.Th~zincvaporand COpassintoacondenser,fromwhichtheCO.escapesandburns
63
 
MATERIALANOENERGYBALANCECALCULATIONSINMETALLURGICALPROCESSES
toC02asitemergesfromthemouthofthecondenser.TheCOentersthecondenserat300°Cand700mmHgpressure. Calculate:
(a)
(
The
volume
ofCOincubicmetersenteringthecondenser, measuredat(1)standardconditions,and(2)atactualconditionsTheweightofCO,inkilogramsThe
volume
ofCO2formedwhentheCOburns,at750°Cand765mmHg.2.7Ananthracitecoalcontains89%Carbon,3%Hydrogen,1% Oxygenand7%Ash.Itisburnedusing15percentmoreair thanistheoreticallyneededforitsperfectcombustion.The ashesweigh10kgper100kgofcoalburned.
(b)(c)
ea1culate: (1)The
volume
ofair(assumeddryandatstandardconditions)usedperkgofcoalburned.(2)Thenumberofcubicfeetofairperpoundofcoal. (3)Thepercentagecomposition(by
volume,
ofcourse)ofthegas,assumingitcontainsnosootorunburnedgas.(4)Thepercentagecompositionofthesame,iffirstdried andthenanalyzed.(5)Thenumberofgramsofmoisturecarriedpercubicmeterofdriedgasmeasured. (6)Thenumberofgrainspercubicfoot. (7)The
volume
ofthechimneygases,atstandardconditions, (waterassumeduncondensed)perkgofcoalburned.(8)Thenumberofcubicfeetofproductsperpoundofcoal. (9)The
volume
oftheproductsincubicmetersat350°Cand700mmHgpressure. (10)Thevolume'oftheproductsincubicfeetat600°Fand 29inofwaterpressure. 2.8Abituminouscoalcontains: Carbon73.60w/o Oxygen10.00Hydrogen 7.30 Moisture0.60 Nitrogen l.70Ash8.05Sulphur 0.75100.00Itispowderedand blownintoacementkilnbya blastof air.
64
 
STOICHIOMETRY
Ca1culate:(1)Thevolumeofdryair,at80°F,and29inchesbarometricpressuretheoreticallyrequiredfortheperfectcom-bustionofonepoundofthecoal.(2)Thevolumeoftheproductsofcombustion,usingnoexcessofair,at550°Fand29inchesbarometricpres-sureandtheirpercentagecomposition.2.9AlimestoneisanalyzedasCaC03(93.12wt%);MgC03(5.38wt%); andinsolublematter(1.50wt%).(a)Howmanykilogramsofcalciumoxidecouldbeobtainedfrom5tonsofthelimestone?(b)Howmanykilogramsofcarbondioxidearegivenoffperpoundofthislimestone?2.10Pyro1usite
U1n02)
isdissolvedinhydrochloricacidbythereactionThechlorinewaspassedintopotassiumiodidesolutionwhereitliberatediodine:C12
+
2K1~2KCl
+
12Theiodineliberatewasestimatedbyaddingsodiumthiosulfate;thereactionbeing12
+
2Na2S203~2Na1
+
Na2S406If5.6gramsofcrysta11izedsodiumthiosulfate,Na2S203·5H20,wereusedup,howmanygramsofmanganesewerepresent?2.11HowmanymolesofFe203wouldbeformedbytheactionofoxygenononekilogramofiron?2.12Wiresilverweighing3.48gramswasdissolvedinnitricacid.Whatweightofsilvernitratewasformed?2.131ronpyrites,FeS2'isburnedinairtoobtainS02accordingtotheequation:4FeS
+
1102
-e-
2Fe203
+
8S02HowmanylitersofS02,measuredat300°Cand740mmofHg,couldbeobtainedfrom100litersofoxygenatstandardconditions?
65

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