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Table Of Contents

1.1 Problems of quantum gravity
1.2 String diagrams
2.1 The Nambu-Goto action
2.2 The free boson action
2.3 Symmetries
2.4 Conformal gauge
2.5 world sheet versus space-time
2.6 The equations of motion
2.7 Conformal invariance
3.1 Mode expansion
3.2 Quantization
3.3 Negative norm states
3.4 Constraints
3.5 Mode expansion of the constraints
3.6 The Virasoro constraints
3.7 Operator ordering
3.8 Commutators of constraints
3.9 Computation of the central charge
3.10 The Virasoro algebra
3.11 Imposing the Virasoro constraints
3.12 The mass shell condition
3.13 Unphysical state decoupling
3.14 Light cone gauge
3.15 The spectrum
3.16 The critical dimension
3.17 The Lorentz algebra∗
3.18 Unoriented strings
3.19 Chan-Paton labels∗
3.20 Discussion
4.1 Space-time compactification for particles
4.2 Space-time compactification for strings
4.3 The spectrum
4.4 T-duality
4.7 Compactification of more dimensions
4.8 Narain lattices∗
4.9 Background fields∗
4.10 Moduli∗
4.11 Vacuum selection∗
4.12 Orbifolds∗
5.1 Generalizations of the bosonic string
5.2 The rˆole of the conformal anomaly∗
5.3 Internal free fermions
5.4 Quantization
5.5 The energy-momentum tensor
5.6 Noether currents
5.7 The Noether current of translation invariance
5.8 The mass spectrum
5.9 The Neveu-Schwarz ground state
5.10 The Ramond ground state
5.11 Excited states
5.12 Fermionic strings
5.13 The critical dimension
5.14 The Lorentz algebra∗
5.15 The Ramond ground state
5.16 World sheet supersymmetry∗
5.17 World sheet supergravity∗
5.18 The constraints∗
5.19 The conformal anomaly
6.1 Neveu-Schwarz or Ramond?
6.2 The torus
6.3 The Polyakov path integral∗
6.4 Riemann surfaces∗
6.5 The rˆole of the dilaton∗
6.6 Moduli∗
6.7 Complex coordinates
6.8 Modular transformations
6.9 Integration over moduli
6.10 Computing the path integral
6.11 The bosonic string partition function
6.12 Modular invariance of the bosonic string
6.13 Strings versus particles∗
6.14 Partition function for compactified strings
7.1 Free fermion partition functions
7.2 Neveu-Schwarz states
7.3 Ramond states
7.4 Boundary conditions
7.5 Modular transformations
7.6 The modular invariant partition function
7.7 Multi-loop modular invariance
7.8 Superstrings
7.9 Supersymmetry and Supergravity∗
7.10 Supersymmetry for the massive states
7.11 Ramond-Ramond particles∗
7.12 Other modular invariant string theories
7.13 Internal fermions
8.1 The massless spectrum
8.2 Supersymmetry∗
8.3 Gauge symmetry∗
8.4 Compactification
8.6 The standard model in string theory∗
8.7 Other ten-dimensional Heterotic strings∗
8.8 Four-dimensional strings∗
9.1 Open strings
9.2 Finiteness
9.3 Dual models
9.4 Historical remarks
9.5 T-duality∗
9.6 Perturbative and non-perturbative physics∗
9.7 D-branes∗
9.8 S-duality∗
A.1 The Euclidean action
D.1 The algebra
D.2 Exponentiation
D.3 Real forms
D.4 The classical Lie groups
D.5 Simple Lie-algebras
D.6 The Cartan subalgebra
D.7 Roots
D.8 Positive roots
D.9 Simple roots
D.10 The Cartan matrix
D.11 Dynkin diagrams
D.12 Long and short roots
D.13 Realizations
D.14 Representations
D.15 Equivalence
D.16 Real, complex and pseudo-real representations
D.17 Irreducible representations
D.18 Weights
D.19 Weight space versus representation space
D.20 Weight multiplicities
D.21 Coroots
D.22 Dynkin labels
D.23 Highest weights
D.24 The irreducible representations of a simple Lie-algebra
D.25 Special representations
D.26 Tensor products
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String Lectures 2008

String Lectures 2008

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Published by: M8Rirmpi01 on Aug 30, 2011
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