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https://www.scribd.com/doc/63577867/21

03/08/2015

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Homework 1

Due: 11:59pm on Sunday, February 13, 2011

Note:You will receive no credit for late submissions.

To learn more, read your instructor'sGrading Policy[Switch to Standard Assignment View]

Coulomb's Law Tutorial

Learning Goal:

To understand how to calculate forces between charged particles, particularly thedependence on the sign of the charges and the distance between them.Coulomb's law describes the force that two charged particles exert on each other (by Newton's third law,those two forces must be equal and opposite). The force exerted

by

particle 2 (with charge )

on

particle 1 (with charge ) is proportional to the charge of each particle and inversely proportional to thesquare of the distance between them:,where and is the unit vector pointing

from

particle 2

to

particle 1. The force vector will beparallel or antiparallel to the direction of , parallel if the product and antiparallel if ; theforce is

attractive

if the charges are of opposite sign and

repulsive

if the charges are of the same sign.Part AConsider two positively charged particles, one of charge (particle 0) fixed at the origin, and another of charge (particle 1) fixed on the

y

-axis at. What is the net force

on

particle 0

due to

particle 1?

Express your answer (a vector) using any or allof , , , , , , and .

ANSWER:=

Correct

Part BNow add a third, negatively charged, particle, whosecharge is (particle 2). Particle 2 fixed on the

y

-axis at position . What is the new net

asteringPhysics: Assignment Print Viewhttp://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignme...1 of 475/12/2011 7:58 PM

force

on

particle 0,

from

particle 1 and particle 2?

Express your answer (a vector) using any or allof , , , , , , , , and .

ANSWER:=

Correct

Part CParticle 0 experiences a repulsion

from

particle 1 and an attraction

toward

particle 2. For certain values of and , the repulsion and attraction should balance each other, resulting in no net force. For what ratiois there no net force on particle 0?

Express your answer in terms of any or all of the following variables: , , , .

ANSWER:=

Correct

Part DNow add a fourth charged particle, particle 3, withpositive charge , fixed in the

yz

-plane at. What is the net force on particle 0 due

solely

tothis charge?Hint D.1

Find the magnitude of force from particle 3

asteringPhysics: Assignment Print Viewhttp://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignme...2 of 475/12/2011 7:58 PM

What is the magnitude of the force on particle 0 from particle 3, fixed at ?Hint D.1.1

Distance to particle 3

Hint not displayed

Express your answer using , , , .

ANSWER:=

Answer not displayed

Hint D.2

Vector components

The force vector points from to . Because is symmetrically located between the

y

-axis and the

z

-axis, the angle between , the unit vector pointing

from

particle 3

to

particle 0, and the

y

-axis isradians. You have already calculated the magnitude of the vector above. Now break up the force vector into its

y

and

z

components.

Express your answer (a vector) using , , , , , , and . Include only the force caused byparticle 3.

ANSWER:=

Correct

± PSS 21.1 Coulomb's Law

Learning Goal:

To practice Problem-Solving Strategy 21.1 Coulomb's Law.Three charged particles are placed at each of three corners of an equilateral triangle whose sides are of length 3.0 . Two of the particles have a negative charge: = -9.0 and = -18.0 . The remainingparticle has a positive charge, = 8.0 . What is the net electric force acting on particle 3 due to particle 1and particle 2?

Problem-Solving Strategy: Coulomb's law

IDENTIFY

the relevant concepts:

Coulomb’s law comes into play whenever you need to know the electric force acting between chargedparticles.SET UP

the problem using the following steps:

Make a drawing showing the locations of the charged particles, and label each particle with its charge.If three or more particles are present and they do not all lie on the same line, set up an

xy

coordinatesystem.Often you will need to find the electric force on just one particle. If so, identify that particle.EXECUTE

the solution as follows:

For each particle that exerts a force on the particle of interest, calculate the magnitude of that force using.Sketch a free-body diagram showing the electric force vectors acting on the particle(s) of interest due toeach of the other particles. Recall that the force exerted by particle 1 on particle 2 points from particle 2

asteringPhysics: Assignment Print Viewhttp://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignme...3 of 475/12/2011 7:58 PM

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