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Homework 5
Due: 11:59pm on Sunday, April 10, 2011
Note:You will receive no credit for late submissions.

Capacitors in Series
Learning Goal:
To understand how to calculate capacitance, voltage, and charge for a combination of capacitors connected in series.Consider the combination of capacitors shown in the figure. Three capacitors are connected to each other inseries, and then to the battery. The values of thecapacitances are , , and , and the appliedvoltage is . Initially, all of the capacitors arecompletely discharged; after the battery is connected,the charge on plate 1 is .Part AWhat are the charges on plates 3 and 6?Hint A.1
Charges on capacitors connected in series
Hint not displayed
Hint A.2
The charges on a capacitor's plates
Hint not displayed
andandandand0 and0 and
asteringPhysics: Assignment Print Viewhttp://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignme...1 of 405/12/2011 8:04 PM

Correct
Part BIf the voltage across the first capacitor (the one with capacitance ) is , then what are the voltagesacross the second and third capacitors?Hint B.1
Definition of capacitance
Hint not displayed
Hint B.2
Charges on the capacitors
Hint not displayed
andandand0 and
Correct
Part CFind the voltage across the first capacitor.Hint C.1
How to analyze voltages
Hint not displayed
Correct
Part DFind the charge on the first capacitor.
asteringPhysics: Assignment Print Viewhttp://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignme...2 of 405/12/2011 8:04 PM

Correct
Part EUsing the value of just calculated, find the equivalent capacitance for this combination of capacitorsin series.Hint E.1
Using the definition of capacitance
Hint not displayed
Correct
The formula for combining three capacitors in series is.How do you think this formula may be generalized to capacitors?
Energy in Capacitors and Electric Fields
Learning Goal:
To be able to calculate the energy of a charged capacitor and to understand the concept of energy associated with an electric field.The energy of a charged capacitor is given by , where is the charge of the capacitor and isthe potential difference across the capacitor. The energy of a charged capacitor can be described as theenergy associated with the electric field created inside the capacitor.In this problem, you will derive two more formulas for the energy of a charged capacitor; you will then use aparallel-plate capacitor as a vehicle for obtaining the formula for the energy density associated with anelectric field. It will be useful to recall the definition of capacitance, , and the formula for thecapacitance of a parallel-plate capacitor,, where is the area of each of the plates and is the plate separation. As usual, is thepermittivity of free space.First, consider a capacitor of capacitance that has a charge and potential difference .Part AFind the energy of the capacitor in terms of and by using the definition of capacitance and theformula for the energy in a capacitor.
asteringPhysics: Assignment Print Viewhttp://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignme...3 of 405/12/2011 8:04 PM