The current density is also related to the concentration , charge , and drift speed of themoving particles by the relationshipCombining these relationships, we findThe values of , , and are the same for both wires. Since is twice as great in wire #1 as in wire#2, it must be that is twice as great in wire #2 as in wire #1. The cross-sectional area isproportional to the square of the diameter, so the diameter of wire #2 must be times the diameterof wire #1.
Test Your Understanding 25.4: Electromotive Force and Circuits
A simple circuit consists of a resistor connected to a battery. The battery has emf , internal resistance ,and terminal voltage , and the resistor has resistance .Part A
Rank the following circuits in order of current, from highest to lowest values.
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The sum of potential changes around each circuit is zero. This statement can be written as(1)The quantity is the terminal voltage across the battery of emf :(2)Combining (1) and (2), we have(3)We can solve each of (1), (2), and (3) for , giving us three different expressions for the current in thecircuit:(4)(5)
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