Books—and, in many libraries, magazines and journals in boundor boxed volumes—are stored in the
A library with
allows you to search for materials. In a
system, a staff memberretrieves materials for you.
Here you’ll find recent issues of popular and scholarlymagazines, journals, and newspapers.
Audio-visual materials areas.
Many libraries have special locations whereyou can study non-print materials including video, art and photography,and recorded music collections.
Electronic library resources.
Computer terminals, linked to college data-bases and the Internet, may be scattered throughout the library or clusteredin specific areas. Most schools have network systems or library websitesthat allow access to online library materials via personal computer.Almost all college libraries offer orientation sessions on how to find whatyou need. If you need help, take a real or virtual tour and sign up for training.
Information Search Basics
The most successful and time-saving method for information retrievalinvolves a practical, step-by-step search that takes you from general tospecific sources. At any point in your search, you can conduct a
search—a method for locating sources through the use of topic-related wordsand phrases. A keyword is any natural-language word or phrase that is usedas a point of reference to locate other information. To narrow your topic andreduce the number of “hits” (resources pulled up by your search) add morekeywords. For example, instead of searching through the broad category
or, more specifically
,nineteenth-century French art.
Key A.1provides tips for using the keyword system. The last three entriesdescribe how to use “or,” “and,” and “not” to narrow searches with what iscalled
Start with general reference works.
These works cover topics in a broad,nondetailed way and are often available in print, online, or on CD-ROM.Examples of general reference works include encyclopedias, almanacs,dictionaries, biographical references (such as
Webster’s Biographical Dictionary
), and bibliographies (such as
Books in Print
). Scan these sourcesfor a topic overview and more specialized sources.
Search specialized reference works.
Turn next to
specialized reference works
for more specific facts. Specialized reference works include encyclopedias
Keys to College Studying:Becoming an Active Thinker,
Second Edition, by Carol Carter, Joyce Bishop, and Sarah Lyman Kravits.Published by Pearson Prentice Hall.Copyright ©2007 by Pearson Education, Inc.
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