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Intellligent Power Sharing of Transformers With Auto Protection

Intellligent Power Sharing of Transformers With Auto Protection

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Published by jithinnaik

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Published by: jithinnaik on Aug 30, 2011
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05/07/2013

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 Intelligent power sharing of transformer with auto protection
 
1
 
 EEE Dept.
 
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION1.1
 
General Background
The transformer is a static device, which converts energy at one voltage level to anothervoltage level
.
 
The project is all about protecting the transformer under overload condition.Due to overload on the transformer, the efficiency drops and the secondary winding getsover heated and may burnt. So, by reducing the load on the transformer, the transformer isprotected. This will be done by arranging another transformer through a micro-controller.The micro-controller compares the load on the first transformer with a reference value.When the load exceeds the reference value, the second transformer will share the extraload. Therefore, the two transformers work efficiently under overload condition and thedamage is prevented.In this project three modules are used to control the load current. The first module isSensing unit, which is used to sense the current of the load; the second module is controlunit. In this module Electromagnetic relay is the main role, and its function is to changethe position with respect to the control signal and last module is microcontroller. It willread the analogue signal and perform some calculation and finally gives control signal tothe relay. When designing low-voltage power systems to supply large load currents,paralleled lower-current modules are often preferred over a single, large power converterfor several reasons. These include the efficiencies of designing and manufacturingstandard modular converters which can be combined in whatever number necessary tomeet a given load requirement; and the enhanced reliability gained through redundancy.
 
 
 Intelligent power sharing of transformer with auto protection
 
2
 
 EEE Dept.
 
1.2 Literature Review
At present load sharing of transformer is done by parallelingthe transformer. That is primary of the transformer is always energized. This method isfollowing on olden days also.The challenge in paralleling modular supplies is to insurepredictable, uniform current sharing-regardless of load levels and the number of modules.It provide enhanced system reliability through complete redundancy such that the failureof one or more modules could be tolerated as long as the total remaining capacity is equalto or greater than the demands of the load.
1.3 Aim and Scope of Project
 
This Project describes about, how to use power supplywhen critical load. Using this module can protect the transformer form the over load. Thisproject will connect and disconnect the transformer automatically. This will be done byarranging another transformer through a microcontroller. It has the advantage to maintaina stable level of short circuit current. It reduces the voltage drop and balances the currentand it is reverse power protection. It has applications in electrical substation and industrytoo.
 
1.4 Organization of project report
The project is all about protecting the transformer under overload condition. Due tooverload on the transformer, the efficiency drops and the secondary winding gets overheated and may burnt. So, by reducing the load on the transformer, the transformer isprotected. By introducing this method it have advantage to maintain a stable level of shortcircuit current. It reduces the voltage drop and balances the current and it is reverse powerprotection.
 
 
 Intelligent power sharing of transformer with auto protection
 
3
 
 EEE Dept.
 
CHAPTER 2
SUBSTATION2.1 Introduction
The substation may be defined as “an assembly of apparatus which transformsthe characteristics of electrical energy from one form to another say for example fromalternating current to direct current or from one voltage to another”. For economicaltransmission, higher and higher voltages should be achieved. At present normal voltagesare 66kV, 110kV and 220kV; however 440kVwill be used for the national grid system infuture. The consumers do not use such high voltages and so the high voltages must betransformed to low voltages by means of substation. Thus a substation may be called aslink between the generating stations and consumers. The distribution voltages generallyused in practice are 6.6kV, 11kV and 33kV.Substations or switching stations are integral part of transmission system, andfunction as a connection or switching point for transmission lines, substation feeders,generating circuits and step up and step down transformers .substation of voltages 66kVto 400kV are termed as EHV substations. Above 500kV, they come under theterminology of UHV system.
2.2
 
Equipments for Substation
 
The substation mainly consists of the following equipments:(a)
 
Main bus bars
Bus bars (or bus) term is used for a main bar or conductor carrying an electriccurrent to which many connections may be made. Bus bars are merely convenient meansof connecting switches and other equipments into various arrangements. The usualarrangement of connections in most of the substation permits working on almost anypiece of equipment without interruption to incoming or outgoing feeders.

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Thank you for uploading this report, its helped me for my major project. Keep it up!

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