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Female Ejaculation

Female Ejaculation

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Published by djezill_arum
Female ejaculation
Female ejaculation

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Published by: djezill_arum on Oct 03, 2008
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Female ejaculation
Female ejaculation
(colloquially known as
 squirting 
or 
 gushing 
) refers to the expulsion of noticeable amounts of clear fluidby human females from the paraurethral ducts through and around theurethraduring or beforeorgasm.The exact source and nature of the fluid continues to  be the topic of heated debate among medical professionals.
Introduction
In questionnaire surveys, 35-50% of women report that they have at some time experienced theexpulsion of fluid during orgasm.
Other studies find anywhere from 10-69%, depending onthe definitions and methods used.
 For instance Kratochvíl (1994) surveyed 200 women andfound that 6% reported ejaculating, an additional 13% had some experience and about 60%reported release of fluid without actual ejaculation.
Reports on the volume of fluid expelledvary considerably
from amounts that would be imperceptible to a woman, to mean values of 1-5 mL (0.2-1tsp),
although much higher volumes have been reported.
Historical accounts
The suggestion that women can eject fluid from their genital area as part of sexual arousal has  been described as "one of the most hotly debated questions in modern sexology".
Femaleejaculation has been discussed in anatomical, medical, and biological literature throughoutrecorded history. The interest devoted to female ejaculation compared to the basic acceptance of its male counterpart has been questioned by feminist writers.
Ancient world
Eastern accounts
There are references to female ejaculation in Indian erotic texts, such as the
 Kama Sutraof Vatsyayana
(Bechtel 1996) and the sixteenth century
 Ananga-Rang 
,
and many Indiantemples includingKhajuraho(Madhya Pradesh),Konark Sun Temple(Orissa) andVijayanagara  temples (Karnataka) have carved images depicting female ejaculation. The
 Kama Sutra
states(II,1: 186) that;
The semen of women continues to fall from the beginning of the sexual union to the end, in the same way as that of the male
Chinese sex handbooks, such as "Secret Methods of the Plain Girl" bySu Nu Ching(Sui Dynasty590-618 AD) also describe ejaculation "Copious emisions from her inner heart begin toexude outward".
Greek and Roman accounts
Greek and Roman writers accepted female ejaculation as normal and pleasurable, but there wasdebate as to whether the fluids, like male ejaculate, were progenitive (contained generativeseed).
De Graaf claims that Galen mentionsHerophilos(335-280 BC) as describing a prostate- like organ in the fourth century BC, although this is debatable.
 Aristotle(384-322 BC) did not believe that the fluids were progenitive,
whereasHippocrates (460-370 BC)
andGalen (129-200 AD) stated that they were, the two semen theory.
 
In theGeneration of Animals, Aristotle argues that the function of the fluid is pleasure, not procreation;
Some think that the female contributes semen in coition because the pleasure she experiences is sometimes similar to that of the male, and also is attended by a liquid discharge. But thisdischarge is not seminal...The amount of this discharge when it occurs, is sometimes on adifferent scale from the emission of semen and far exceeds it.
Hippocrates stated that "the ejaculate of the mans runs together with that from the woman",
whileGalendifferentiated procreative and pleasurable female fluids, attributing the latter to whathe described as the prostate.
The fluid in her prostate ...contributes nothing to the generation of offspring...it is poured outsidewhen it has done its service...This liquid not only stimulates...the sexual act but also is able to give pleasure and moisten the passageway as it escapes. It manifestly flows from women as theyexperience the greatest pleasure in coitus...
Eventually it was this two semen theory that prevailed in Arabic, and then Western medicalteaching.
Western literature
Sixteenth to eighteenth century
In the 16th century, the English physician Laevinius Lemnius, refers to how a woman "drawsforth the man's seed and casts her own with it".
In the 17th century,Francois Mauriceau described glands at the urethral meatus that "pour out great quantities of saline liquor duringcoition, which increases the heat and enjoyment of women".
This century saw an increasingunderstanding of female sexual anatomy and function,
in particular the work of theBartholinfamily in Denmark.
De Graaf 
The Dutch anatomistRegnier de Graaf , wrote an influential treatise on the reproductive organs
Concerning the Generative Organs of Women
which is much cited in the literature on this topic.De Graaf discussed the original controversy but supported the Aristotelian view.
Heidentified the source as the glandular structures and ducts surrounding the urethra.
[VI:66-7]The urethra is lined by a thin membrane. In the lower part, near the outlet of theurinary passage, this membrane is pierced by large ducts, or lacunae, through which pituito- serous matter occasionally discharges in considerable quantities.
 
 Between this very thinmembrane and the fleshy fibres we have just described there is, along the whole duct of theurethra, a whitish membranous substance about one finger-breadth thick which completely surrounds the urethral canal... The substance could be called quite aptly the female 'prostatae' or 'corpus glandulosum', 'glandulous body' 
...
The function of the 'prostatae' is to generate a pituito-serous juice which makes women more libidinous with its pungency and saltiness and lubricates their sexual parts in agreeable fashion during coitus.[VII:81]Here too it should be noted that the discharge from the female 'prostatae' causes asmuch pleasure as does that from the male 'prostatae' 
 
He identified [XIII:212] the various controversies regarding the ejaculate and its origin, butstated he believed that this fluid "which rushes out with such impetus during venereal combat or libidinous imagining" was derived from a number of sources, including the vagina, urinary tract,cervix and uterus. He appears to identify Skene's ducts, when he writes [XIII: 213] "those [ducts]which are visible around the orifice of the neck of the vagina and the outlet of the urinary passage receive their fluid from the female 'parastatae', or rather the thick membranous bodyaround the urinary passage". However he appears not to distinguish between the lubrication of the perineum during arousal and an orgasmic ejaculate when he refers to liquid "which inlibidinous women often rushes out at the mere sight of a handsome man". Further on [XIII:214]he refers to "liquid as usually comes from the pudenda in one gush". However it should be notedthat his prime purpose was to distinguish between generative fluid and pleasurable fluid, in hisstand on the Aristotelian semen controversy.
Nineteenth century
Krafft-Ebing'sstudy of sexual perversion, Psychopathia Sexualis (1886), describes femaleejaculation under the heading "Congenital Sexual Inversion in Women" as a perversion related toneurastheniaand homosexuality.
"the intersexual gratification among ...women seems to be reduced to kissing and embraces,which seems to satisfy those of weak sexual instinct, but produces in sexually neurasthenic females ejaculation" 
It is also described byFreudin pathological terms in his study of Dora(1905), where he relates it to hysteria. 
"
The pride taken by women in the appearance of their genitals is quite a special feature of their vanity; and disorders of genitals which they think calculated to inspire feelings of repugnance or even disgust have an incredible power of humiliating them, of lowering their self-esteem, and of making them irritable, sensitive, and distrustful. An abnormal secretion of the mucous membraneof the vagina is looked upon as source of disgust 
."However, women's writing of that time portrayed this in more positive terms. Thus we findAlmeda Sperrywriting toEmma Goldmanin 1918, about the "rhythmic spurt of your love  juices".
 Anatomical knowledge was also advanced by Alexander Skene's description of   para-urethral or periurethral glands (glands around theurethra) in 1880, which have beenvariously claimed to be one source of the fluids in the ejaculate, and now commonly referred toas theSkene's glands.
Twentieth century
Early twentieth century understanding
Female ejaculation is mentioned as normal in early twentieth century 'marriage manuals', such asTHVan de Velde'sIdeal Marriage: Its Physiology and Technique (1926). Certainly van de Velde was well aware of the varied experiences of women. 
 It appears that the majority of laymen believe that something is forcibly squirted (or propelled or extruded), or expelled from the woman's body in orgasm, and should so happen normally, as inthe man's case. Finally it is just as certain that such an 'ejaculation' does not take place in manywomen of sexually normal functions, as that it does take place in others.

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