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Historical Processes Technical Supplement Fall 2011

Historical Processes Technical Supplement Fall 2011

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Published by Edward Stapel

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Published by: Edward Stapel on Aug 31, 2011
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HistoricalProcesses(PMA305)TechnicalSupplementFall2011EdwardStapel
MAKINGDIGITALNEGATIVESFORCONTACTPRINTING
1.
 
Anymethodorformatwillworkformakingdigitalnegativesaslongasyoumakesurethatyourimagewillgiveyou300ppiatdesiredimagesize.Keepthisinmindwhenprocessingyourfiles,usingascanner,etc.2.
 
Ifyourimageisincolor,desaturateittograyscaleorapplyaB&Wfilter(orconvertittograyscale-butthissometimesthrowsawayusefuldata).3.
 
Alteryourimageasyoulike.4.
 
AdjustCurvestogiveyouanimagewithcontrastappropriatefortheprocessyouintendtouse.Youmayprefertoloadoneofthecurvesprovidedforyouruse(thesecurvesarenotfool-proof–youmaywanttoperformfurthertweaking).5.
 
SAVEyourimageatthispointtokeepallofyourlayerinformation.6.
 
Flattenyourimage.7.
 
GotoImage>RotateCanvas>FlipHorizontal.Thiswillflipyourimagesothatwhenyouprintitemulsiontoemulsionitwillcomeoutorientedproperly.8.
 
ThengotoImage>Adjustments>Invert(orApple+I).Thiswillinvertyourpositivetoanegative.9.
 
SAVEthisnegativeversionofyourimageaswell.Saveyourfilestoaflashdrive,CD,etc.andthenprintitoutontotransparencymaterial.PictoricoOHPisrecommendedandshouldbeprintedwithourEpsonprinter(withtheappropriateprofileorpreset).Fora“grittier”lookingimage,youcanalsotakeyourfilestoacopyshopandhavethemprintedontotransparencymaterial(StaplesorKinkos,etc.).ORprintoutanice,cleanprintontopaper,headtoaXeroxmachine,andmakecopiesontotransparencymaterial.10.
 
Takecareofyouroutputtedmaterials-storetheminplasticsleeves.Coveringtheemulsionsidewithapieceofplainpaperisalsoagoodidea.Thesematerialsarequitedelicateandcangetdings,creases,and“half-moons”inthemveryeasily.Remember,thesearenegatives,andyoushouldtreatthemcarefully.
 
DIGITALNEGATIVESANDSEPARATIONSFOR3-COLORCYANOTYPE-GUMPRINTING
Forthisprintingprocesswewilluseacombinationofcyanotypeandgumpigmentstoreplicateafullcolorprint,mimickingarudimentaryCMYKprintprocess.Thecyanotypelayerwillcontaincyan(C)andblack(K)information.Subsequentyellowandcrimsongumbichromatelayerswillcarrytheyellow(Y)andmagenta(M)information.ThefirststepistomakedigitalRGBcolorseparationsinPhotoshop.1.
 
Anymethodorformatwillworkformakingdigitalnegativesaslongasyoumakesurethatyourimagewillgiveyou300ppiatdesiredimagesize.Keepthisinmindwhenshootingand/orscanning.2.
 
Youwillneedacolorimageforthisprocess3.
 
Keepyourimagesizeinthe4x5rangeforyourfirstattempt.4.
 
Alteryourimageasyoulike.5.
 
Curvesadjustments:Option1:OnaCurvesadjustmentlayer,loadagumprintingcurve.OROption2:Dostep6andthenapplyacyanotypecurvetotheRedchannelandagumcurvetotheBlueandGreenchannels.Option2ismore“accurate.”6.
 
GototheChannelspalette>submenu>SplitChannels.7.
 
SAVEyourworkatthispointtopreserverallofyourlayerinfo.8.
 
Flattenyourimage(s).9.
 
ThengotoImage>Adjustments>Invert(orApple+I).Thiswillinvertyourpositivestonegatives.10.
 
Openanewdocument(AppleN)withdimensions8.5”x10”at300ppi,RGB.11.
 
Dragyour3channelsintothisnewspace.MAKESUREYOUKEEPTRACKOFTHESECHANNELS.It’sagoodideatonameeachlayerasyoudragitinandthenusethetexttooltolabelyourchannelsR,G,andB.12.
 
ThengotoImage>RotateCanvas>FlipHorizontal.Thiswillflipyourimagessothatwhenyourprintthememulsiontoemulsiontheywillcomeoutproperlyoriented.Repositionyourimages-youshouldbeabletofit3imagesontoonepage.13.
 
Saveyourimage(s)toaflashdriveorCDandthenprintitoutontotransparencymaterial(IrecommendPictoricoOHP,butotheroptionsareavailable).14.
 
Cutyournegativesapartmakingsurethatyoudon’tcutofftheletters(R,G,B)thatidentifyeachchannel.15.
 
Takecareofyouroutputtedmaterials-storetheminplasticsleeves.Coveringtheemulsionsidewithapieceofplainpaperisalsoagoodidea.Thesematerialsarequitedelicateandcangetdings,creases,and“half-moons”inthemveryeasily.Remember,thesearenegatives,andyoushouldtreatthemcarefully.
 
ItisVERYimportantthatyoukeeptrackofyourchannelsandprintthemintheproperorder.Printlayerswillbemadeinthefollowingorderwithspecifiedchannel:
1.
Red
Channeltoprint
cyanotype
layer(C,K)
2.Blue
Channeltoprint
yellow
emulsion(Y)
3.Green
Channeltoprint
red(crimson)
emulsion(M)Yourinitialcyanotypelayershouldbeprintedtoroughly50%-75%ofthetimerequiredforfullcyanotypeprintdensity.YouwillneedtomakemultiplelayersofYandMlayerstoachieveyourfinaldesiredprintdensityandcolorbalance.Don’texpecttomakeimagesthatlooklike“true”colorprints.Accepttheresultsyougetandbepreparedtoexperiment.
CYANOTYPEFORMULAE
SolutionAPotassiumFerricyanide8gDistilledwater(roomtemp.)100mlSolutionBFerricAmmoniumCitrate(green)20gDistilledwater(roomtemp.)100mlMixthetwosolutionsseparately,andstoreinbrownglassbottlesawayfromstronglight.Overaperiodoftime(months)bothchemicalsolutionswillbreakdown.Theferricammoniumcitratemayformamold.Ifthishappens,strainitthroughacoffeefilter.Themolddoesnotaffectthesolution.Ifthepotassiumferricyanidebreaksdownitshouldbereplaced.
MixAandB1:1foruse.1mlA+1mlB=4x5print
 

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