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Agrometeorology: Wind and Plant Growth
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Effect of Wind on Crop Production
Wind direction and velocity have significant influence on crop growth.
Beneficial impact of wind
Wind increases the turbulence in atmosphere, thus increasing the supply of carbon dioxide to the plantsresulting in greater photosynthesis rates.1.Wind alters the balance of hormones.2.Wind increases the ethylene production in barley and rice.3.Wind decreases gibberillic acid content of roots and shoots in rice.4.Nitrogen concentration in both barley and rice increase with increase in wind speed5.
Wind influences crop production in two ways
(1) Physiological impact(2) Mechanical impact
(1) Physiological impact:
i. Increases transpiration especially cuticular transpiration than stomatal transpiration.ii. Hot wind accelerates the drying of the plants by replacing humid air by dry air in the inter cellular spaces.For example, rice crop during June-July months shows tip drying.iii. Wind increases turbulence in the atmosphere and availability of CO2 and thereby increased photosynthesis.iv. Beyond a certain wind speed the rate of photosynthesis becomes constant.
(2) Mechanical impact on plants:
(i) Strong wind damages the shoots(ii) Lodging (Paddy, Sugarcane, Banana etc.,)(iii) Flower and fruit shedding(iv) Crops and trees with shallow roots are uprooted.(v) Cold wind causes chilling injuries(vi) Causes soil erosion(vii) Soil deposition causes poor aeration in root zone
Lodging due to strong winds
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Agrometeorology: Wind and Plant Growthhttp://agritech.tnau.ac.in/agriculture/agri_agrometeorology_wind.html1 of 304/02/2011 21:17