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Roman bath-house, Truckle Hill 2007 Interim Report

Roman bath-house, Truckle Hill 2007 Interim Report

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Published by Wessex Archaeology
Wessex Archaeology was invited by English Heritage and Wiltshire County Council Archaeology Service to undertake an archaeological excavation, recording and outreach programme to provide more information about a newly-discovered Roman bath-house at Truckle Hill, North Wraxall, Wiltshire, centred on Ordnance Survey NGR 383700 176240.
The steep topography of the valley side upon which the bath-house was constructed has posed a difficult conservation problem since the time of the building’s discovery, in that direct vehicle access to the site, especially for one carrying fill material, is virtually impossible.
Following a site visit in May 2007 it was felt that that the maximum effort should go immediately into the urgent preservation by record of the most vulnerable parts of the bath-house. To achieve this aim a partnership project was proposed which would provide the resources and people to undertake controlled excavation of the site and maximise the opportunities thus afforded. A further, key element of the sustainability of the project is the implementation of appropriate physical conservation measures following the completion of excavation and recording work.
Wessex Archaeology was invited by English Heritage and Wiltshire County Council Archaeology Service to undertake an archaeological excavation, recording and outreach programme to provide more information about a newly-discovered Roman bath-house at Truckle Hill, North Wraxall, Wiltshire, centred on Ordnance Survey NGR 383700 176240.
The steep topography of the valley side upon which the bath-house was constructed has posed a difficult conservation problem since the time of the building’s discovery, in that direct vehicle access to the site, especially for one carrying fill material, is virtually impossible.
Following a site visit in May 2007 it was felt that that the maximum effort should go immediately into the urgent preservation by record of the most vulnerable parts of the bath-house. To achieve this aim a partnership project was proposed which would provide the resources and people to undertake controlled excavation of the site and maximise the opportunities thus afforded. A further, key element of the sustainability of the project is the implementation of appropriate physical conservation measures following the completion of excavation and recording work.

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Published by: Wessex Archaeology on Oct 03, 2008
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Wessex Archaeology 
 A Detached Roman Bath-house at Truckle Hill,North Wraxall, Wiltshire
 Assessment Report on an Archaeological Excavation,Recording and Outreach ProgrammeRef: 58521.01January 2008
 
A DETACHED ROMAN BATH-HOUSE AT TRUCKLE HILLNORTH WRAXALLWILTSHIRE
Assessment Report on an Archaeological Excavation, Recordingand Outreach Programme
Produced for:
English Heritage1 Waterhouse Square138 – 142 HolbornLondonEC1N 2ST
and
Wiltshire County Council Archaeology ServiceWiltshire and Swindon History CentreCocklebury RoadChippenhamWiltshireSN15 3QN
By:
Wessex ArchaeologyPortway HouseOld Sarum ParkSalisburyWiltshireSP4 6EB
January 2008WA Document Ref. No. 58521.01(EH ref. 5418 Truckle Hill)
© Copyright Wessex Archaeology Limited 2008, all rights reserved Wessex Archaeology Limited is a Registered Charity No. 287786 
 
i
A DETACHED ROMAN BATH-HOUSE AT TRUCKLE HILLNORTH WRAXALLWILTSHIRE
Assessment Report on an Archaeological Excavation, Recordingand Outreach ProgrammeCONTENTS
Summary..................................................................................................................................iv Acknowledgements..................................................................................................................vi
SECTION A: POST-EXCAVATION ASSESSMENT1. INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................1
1.1. General.......................................................................................................................11.2. The problem of preservation.......................................................................................21.3. Outreach.....................................................................................................................2
2. PREVIOUS WORK AT THE SITE.....................................................................................33. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES..................................................................................................44. METHOD STATEMENT.....................................................................................................4
4.1. Excavation..................................................................................................................44.2. Finds...........................................................................................................................54.3. Environmental sampling.............................................................................................54.4. Conservation..............................................................................................................5
5. STRUCTURAL SEQUENCE.............................................................................................6
5.1. Introduction.................................................................................................................65.2. Entrance corridor........................................................................................................75.3.
 Apodyterium
(changing room)....................................................................................75.4.
Frigidarium
(cold room) / cold bath 1..........................................................................85.5.
Tepidarium
(warm room)............................................................................................95.6.
Caldarium
(hot room)................................................................................................115.7.
Frigidarium
(cold room) / cold bath 2 (phase 2)........................................................115.8. External features and deposits.................................................................................125.9. Later corn-drying kiln / agricultural use (phase 3).....................................................135.10. Possible antiquarian investigations........................................................................14
6. FINDS..............................................................................................................................15
6.1. Introduction...............................................................................................................156.2. Pottery......................................................................................................................156.3. Building materials.....................................................................................................166.4. Other finds................................................................................................................18
7. ENVIRONMENTAL REMAINS........................................................................................18
7.1. Introduction...............................................................................................................187.2. Charred plant remains..............................................................................................197.3. Charcoal...................................................................................................................227.4. Land and fresh / brackish water molluscs.................................................................227.5. Small animal bones..................................................................................................23

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