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Linux SysAdmin

Linux SysAdmin

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Published by: CC on Aug 31, 2011
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The Linux System Administrator's Guide
Version 0.9
Lars Wirzenius
<Email address removed by request>
Joanna Oja
<Current email address unknown>
Stephen Stafford
<stephen@clothcat.demon.co.uk.NOSPAM>
Alex Weeks
<draxeman@gmail.com.NOSPAM>
An introduction to system administration of a Linux system for novices.Copyright 1993−−1998 Lars Wirzenius.Copyright 1998−−2001 Joanna Oja.Copyright 2001−−2003 Stephen Stafford.Copyright 2003−−2004 Stephen Stafford & Alex Weeks.Copyright 2004−−Present Alex Weeks.Trademarks are owned by their owners.Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU FreeDocumentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with noInvariant Sections, no Front−Cover Texts, and no Back−Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in thesection entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".
 
Table of Contents
About This Book.................................................................................................................................................1
1. Acknowledgments................................................................................................................................11.1. Joanna'sacknowledgments.........................................................................................................11.2. Stephen's acknowledgments.......................................................................................................11.3. Alex's Acknowledgments...........................................................................................................22. Revision History..................................................................................................................................23. Source and pre−formatted versions available......................................................................................24. Typographical Conventions.................................................................................................................3
Chapter 1. Introduction......................................................................................................................................4
1.1. Linux or GNU/Linux, that is the question........................................................................................51.2. Trademarks.......................................................................................................................................5
Chapter 2. Overview of a Linux System...........................................................................................................7
2.1. Various parts of an operating system................................................................................................72.2. Important partsof the kernel.............................................................................................................72.3. Major services in a UNIX system.....................................................................................................82.3.1. init............................................................................................................................................92.3.2. Logins from terminals.............................................................................................................92.3.3. Syslog......................................................................................................................................92.3.4. Periodic command execution: cron and at............................................................................102.3.5. Graphicaluser interface.........................................................................................................102.3.6. Networking............................................................................................................................102.3.7. Network logins......................................................................................................................112.3.8. Network f ile systems.............................................................................................................112.3.9. Mail.......................................................................................................................................112.3.10. Printing................................................................................................................................122.3.11. Thefilesystem layout..........................................................................................................12
Chapter 3. Overview of the Directory Tree....................................................................................................13
3.1. Background.....................................................................................................................................133.2. The root filesystem.........................................................................................................................143.3. The/etc directory............................................................................................................................153.4. The/dev directory...........................................................................................................................173.5. The/usr filesystem..........................................................................................................................193.6. The /var filesystem..........................................................................................................................193.7. The/proc filesystem........................................................................................................................20
Chapter 4. Hardware, Devices, and Tools......................................................................................................22
4.1. Hardware Utilities...........................................................................................................................224.1.1. The MAKEDEV Script.........................................................................................................224.1.2. The mknod command............................................................................................................224.1.3. The lspcicommand...............................................................................................................234.1.4. The lsdevcommand...............................................................................................................234.1.5. The lsusbcommand...............................................................................................................234.1.6. The lsraid command..............................................................................................................234.1.7. The hdparm command...........................................................................................................234.1.8. More Hardware Resources....................................................................................................23
The Linux System Administrator's Guidei

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