1
Prime University
2A/1, Darus Salam Road, Mirpur-1, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh
Facul
ty of EngineeringDep
a
rtment of E
l
e
c
tri
cal
a
nd E
l
e
c
troni
c
Engineering
Course Conducted by: Shuvodip Das
Co
u
rse Tit
l
e: Digit
al
E
l
e
c
troni
c
sCo
u
rse Code: EEE 357Seq
u
enti
al
System
Seq
u
enti
al
System:
In digital circuit theory,
seq
u
enti
al
l
ogi
c
is a type of logic circuit whose output depends not only on the present input but also on the history of the input. This is in contrast to
combinational logic
, whose output is a function of, and onlyof, the present input. In other words, sequential logic has
state
(
memory
) while combinational logic does not.Difference between Combinational and Sequential Logic Circuit?Sequential Logic can be divided as ± a)
Synchronous Sequential Logic and b)
Asynchronous Sequential Logic.
Syn
ch
rono
u
s seq
u
enti
al
l
ogi
c
N
early all sequential logic today is 'clocked' or 'synchronous' logic: there is a 'clock' signal, and all internalmemory (the 'internal state') changes only on a clock edge. The basic storage element in sequential logic isthe flip-flop.The main advantage of synchronous logic is its simplicity. Every operation in the circuit must be completedinside a fixed interval of time between two clock pulses, called a 'clock cycle'.
Asyn
ch
rono
u
s seq
u
enti
al
l
ogi
c
Asynchronous sequential logic expresses memorizing effect by fixing moments of time, when digital devicechanges its state. These moments are represented not in explicit form, but taking into account principle³before/after´ in temporal relations of logical values.For asynchronous logic it is sufficient to determine a sequence of switchings irrespective of any connectionsof the corresponding moments with real or virtual time.
Ex
a
mp
l
e of Seq
u
enti
al
Logi
c
Cir
cu
it:
Flip-Flop, Counter, Register etc.
Fl
ip-
Fl
op:
In electronics, a
f
l
ip-f
l
op
or
la
t
ch
is a circuit that has two stable states and can be used to store stateinformation. The circuit can be made to change state by signals applied to one or more control inputs andwill have one or two outputs. Flip-flops and latches are a fundamental building block of digital electronicssystems used in computers, communications, and many other types of systems.