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The Relationship Between Perceptions Of

The Relationship Between Perceptions Of

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Published by: Ashish Sharoan Broadway on Sep 01, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/01/2011

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AbstractAbstract
The current study tested a model that links perceptions of organizational politics to job performance and ³turnover intentions´ (intentions to quit). Meta-analytic evidencesupported significant, bivariate relationships betweenperceived politics and strain (.48), turnover intentions (.43), job satisfaction (.57), affective commitment (.54), taskperformance (.20), and organizational citizenship behaviorstoward individuals (.16) and organizations (.20). Additionally,results demonstrated that work attitudes mediated the effectsof perceived politics on employee turnover intentions andthat both attitudes and strain mediated the effects of perceived politics on performance.Finally, exploratory analyses provided evidence that perceivedpolitics represent a unique ³hindrance stressor.´
 
In
troductio
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O
rganizational politics are ubiquitous and have widespread effects oncritical processes (e.g., performance evaluation, resource allocation,and managerial decision making) that influence organizationaleffectiveness and efficiency (Kacmar& Baron, 1999). Employeesmay engage in some legitimate, organizationally sanctioned politicalactivities that are beneficial to work groups and organizations. For example, managers who are ³good politicians´ may develop largebases of social capital and strong networks that allow them toincrease the resources that are available to their subordinates.
O
nthe other hand, employees also demonstrate a number of illegitimatepolitical activities (e.g., coalition building, favoritism-based pay andpromotion decisions, and backstabbing) that are strategicallydesigned to benefit, protect, or enhance self-interests, often withoutregard for the welfare of their organization or coworkers. Therefore,organizational politics are often viewed as a dysfunctional, divisiveaspect of work environments. The current article focuses onunderstanding how employees¶
 perceptions
of illegitimate, self-serving political activities (viz., perceptions of organizational politics)influence individual-level work attitudes and behaviors.

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