Liberation Theology, which arose in the early 1970s as Third-World Catholic theologians began to utilize the social sciences, and occasionally Marxist theory, in conjunction witha fresh reading of the scriptures in order to analyze and address poverty and inequality inLatin America.
Research goals and methodologies
The study's specific objective is to study primary sources such as letters,newsletters, conference programs and bulletins in order to examine the ideologicalorientations and content of the Young Catholic Students and to evaluate ideologicalchange over time. Interviews with
historians and activists in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro whoare familiar with JEC or who were members of JEC in the 1950s or 1960s, will cast fresh light onthe activities of JEC from a social and cultural perspective. Although political and intellectualhistories of the Catholic Student movements in Brazil have been produced, to date, there has beenno social or cultural history of JEC published in Brazil. For example, José Oscar Beozzo is anoted Brazilian author and Catholic priest who has written on the history of JEC. Alberto Gómezde Souza was the national director for JEC in Brazil from 1957 to 1958, and JEC regionaldirector for Latin America in 1959. By interviewing these men and women, I will profit fromtheir experience and advice as I move through the wealth of documentary resources in Brazil.
One such resource is a library of cassette tapes containing interviews withseventeen former JEC activists, carried out in 1988 in the Centro de Documentação eInformaçã Científica (CIDIC)
, located at the Pontifícia Universidade Católica de SãoPaulo (Catholic University of São Paulo). In addition, CEDIC has an extensive library of primary source materials for JEC and other lay-movements of Catholic Action such asthe Young Catholic Workers (JOC).