(10m)3The chlorides of Group 14 are CCl
,(a)(i)State the type of hybridization present in the above tetrachloride
1m(ii)Name the shape of each molecule.T
1m(b)(i)The tetrachloride from the above that is totally not hydrolysed in water is
Water molecules cannot form dative bonds with CCl
Because carbon atom does not have 2d orbitals
,has the highest boiling point.
It has the strongest dispersion forces (temporary induced dipole) becauseit is the largest molecule.
1m1m(c)Why is carbón tetrachloride used in extinguishers?
Chemically inert (not reactive/passive) / Its denser vapour sinks excludes oxygen and puts the fire off
1m(d)(i)Name one of the compounds :
Lead (IV) tetrachloride
1m(ii)Why is this compound that you choose thermally unstable?
The Pb-Cl bond length is the longest and the weakest
1m(iii)Write an equation for the decomposition.PbCl
(s) + Cl
(g)1m(10m)4(a)(i) secondary alcohol1m(ii)H
+ HCl (