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Types of Polygons

Types of Polygons

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Published by: anon-919823 on Oct 04, 2008
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07/02/2013

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Types of Polygons
Regular
- all angles are equal and all sides are the same length. Regular polygons are bothequiangular and equilateral.
Equiangular
- all angles are equal.
Equilateral
- all sides are the same length.
Convex
- a straight line drawn through a convex polygon
crosses at most twosides
. Every interior angle is less than 180°.
Concave
- you can draw at least one straight line through a concave polygon that
crosses
 
more than two sides
. At least one interior angle is more than 180°.
Polygon Formulas
(N = # of sides and S = length from center to a corner)
 
Area
of a regular polygon = (1/2) N sin(360°/N) S
2
Sum
of the interior angles of a polygon = (N - 2) x 180°
The
number of diagonals
in a polygon = 1/2 N(N-3)The
number of triangles
(when you draw all the diagonals from one vertex) in a polygon = (N -2)
Polygon Parts
Side
- one of the line segments that make up the polygon.
Vertex
- point where two sides meet. Two or more of these points are called vertices.
Diagonal
- a line connecting two vertices that isn't aside.
Interior Angle
- Angle formed by two adjacent sidesinside the polygon.
Exterior Angle
- Angle formed by two adjacent sidesoutside the polygon.
Special Polygons
Special Quadrilaterals - square, rhombus, parallelogram, rectangle, and the trapezoid.Special Triangles- right, equilateral, isosceles, scalene, acute, obtuse.
 
Polygon Names
Generally accepted names
SidesName
nN-gon3Triangle4Quadrilateral5Pentagon6Hexagon7Heptagon8Octagon10Decagon12Dodecagon Names for other polygons have been proposed.
SidesName
9Nonagon, Enneagon11Undecagon, Hendecagon13Tridecagon, Triskaidecagon14Tetradecagon, Tetrakaidecagon15Pentadecagon, Pentakaidecagon16Hexadecagon, Hexakaidecagon17Heptadecagon, Heptakaidecagon18Octadecagon, Octakaidecagon19Enneadecagon, Enneakaidecagon20Icosagon30Triacontagon40Tetracontagon50Pentacontagon60Hexacontagon70Heptacontagon80Octacontagon90Enneacontagon100Hectogon, Hecatontagon1,000Chiliagon10,000MyriagonTo construct a name, combine the prefix+suffix
SidesPrefix
20Icosikai...30Triacontakai...
+
SidesSuffix
+1...henagon+2...digon

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