Obesity, diabetes, highblood pressure andother risk factors may beto blame, researcherssay
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Strokes Rising Among Teens, Young Adults: CDC
Last Updated: September 01, 2011.
Obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and otherrisk factors may be to blame, researchers say.By Steven Reinberg
THURSDAY, Sept. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Strokes are onthe rise among teens and young people, a new governmentreport shows.The number of people aged 15 to 44 hospitalized for stroke jumped by more than third between 1995 and 2008, sayresearchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control andPrevention. The increase may be due partly to theincreasing numbers of young people who have diseasessuch as high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes -- diseasesusually associated with older adults, they added.High blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, obesity and highcholesterol are all risk factors for stroke, the researchersnoted.In the same 14-year period researchers noted a rise instroke among youth, they discovered that diabetes,cholesterol and tobacco use "has also increased inadolescents and young adults experiencing stroke," said lead researcher Dr. Mary George, a medicalofficer in CDC's Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention."I was surprised to see the extent of cardiovascular risk factors in this young population," she said.The focus on controlling these risks has usually been among older adults, George said."We really need to encourage people to lead healthy lifestyles from the time they are very young,"she said. "Stroke is largely preventable and eating a healthy diet, getting regular physical activity,[and] avoiding tobacco and alcohol abuse can go a long way to prevent stroke."The report was published in the Sept. 1 issue of the
Annals of Neurology
.For the study, George's team used data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample of the Healthcare Costand Utilization Project to find people hospitalized for stroke.They found almost one in three ischemic stroke patients 15 to 34 years old -- and over half of those35 to 44 -- had high blood pressure.In addition, one-fourth of the patients 15 to 34 years old who had ischemic strokes also had diabetes.Among those female patients 15 to 34, one in four were smokers, as were one in three males aged 15to 44. Moreover, many had high cholesterol and were obese, the researchers found.According to the American Heart Association, stroke is the third leading cause of death in the U.S.Eighty-seven percent of strokes are called ischemic strokes, where clots or plaque block blood flow tothe brain.Earlier studies found that stroke in teens and young adults accounted for 5 percent to 10 percent of allstrokes, and that it is one of the top 10 causes of childhood death.Dr. Larry B. Goldstein, director of the Duke University Stroke Center, commented that "the datapresented in this study raises an alarm."Traditionally, strokes in the very young have usually been caused by different factors than those inolder people, he noted.
Strokes Rising Among Teens, Young Adults: CDC --Doctors Loungehttp://www.doctorslounge.com/index.php/news/hd/227571 of 39/2/2011 7:49 AM