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Bow

Bow

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Published by donaldzisko

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Published by: donaldzisko on Oct 04, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/15/2014

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OR
LEATHER
a perfect fifty-four or take your archerywith a dash of small game hunting, you will findkeen enjoyment in thisancient sport. Makingthe tackle is simple.
Size
of
tackle:
The first thing to know is whatsize of bow and length of arrow to use. This de-pends entirely on your physique, and particularlyyour reach.
If
your reach is 64
in.,
you can use anarrow 25 to 26
in.
long, with a bow not less than5 ft. 3
in.
from tip to tip,
Fig.
5.
The weight of thebow, that
is,
the number of pounds pull requiredto draw it, depends on your muscular develop-ment. Most men can draw a 50 to 60-lb. bow, buta 35 to 40-lb. bow is the best weight for generalshooting, and good scores can be made with the
25
and 30-pounders.
The long bow:
The long bow has
a
deep or
ELL.
@
SIDE
BACK
"stacked" body, which is generally recognized as
438
POPULAR MECHANICS
 
the nocks
1
n. from each end, Fig.
3,
using a round file, Fig.
2.
Make a bowstring from upholsterer's twine, as shown in Fig.
1,
and brace the bow as in Fig.
6.
When the bow is braced theheight of the string from the center of the bow should be aboutequal to the width of the hand and thumb with the latter stuckout as in Fig.
28.
You can now "tiller" it to check the bend ofboth limbs, at the same time measuring the weight with a spring
,
scale, as shown in
Fig.
10. Bend the bow gradually. Take off ashaving here and there to equalize the bend. Take your time.You can always take off more wood, but you can't put it backon again. The bow should be quite stiff for a distance of about6 in. at the center, and should then curve evenly to the tips. Thebeginner's most common fault is to make the bow "whip ended,"Fig. 9. Besides checking the curvature, sight down the bow asyou work and note if the string cuts the center of the belly, asin Fig.
7.
If it throws off to the side, your bow
has
a turn in it.This can be corrected by taking off wood opposite the turn.If desired, you can back your bow with red or black fiberattached with waterproof glue before the shaping
is
started. In-stead
of
cutting plain nocks, you may decide
to
purchase and
fit
a set of cow-horn tips, or, you may want to turn them from col-orful plastic. It will be noted, Fig.
3,
that plain nocks are notcut across the back of the bow as this would weaken the wood.The groove in horn or plastic tips, however, is let into the back.
The
flat
bow:
The flat bow is easier to make than the long one
MARCH,
1941
439
 
and can be
3
or
4
in.
shorter for the samelength arrow. The same general method ofbandsawing is used, Fig. 8, but the bellyside is only lightly rounded off. Typicalsections of a 40-lb. flat bow are given inFig.
11.
The handle riser can be the sameor of a contrasting wood to the bow itself.The narrow plate, which prevents wear, isinlaid, using a .%-in. disk of %-in. plastic.
Self
arrows: A "self" arrow is one madefrom
a
single piece of wood. The simplestway to make self arrows is to buy a con-struction kit, which includes the Kc-in.dowel sticks, feathers and heads. Birch isthe best wood to use. The various partsand dimensions of the arrow are shown inFig.
12.
First put on the head. A numberof different ones can be purchased, but foraverage target work the brass parallel pilehead is most satisfactory. Cut the tenon onthe end of the shaft by turning on
a
lathe,Fig.
14.
If
you are careful, the head will bea drive
fit
and will hold securely.
If
thehead is a bit loose, anchor it with a fewpunch taps as shown in Fig.
16.
Cut thearrows to the required length and then cutthe noclrs.
Plain
nocks
can
be cut easilyby running the shafts over a circular saw,as in Fig.
13.
The nock should be acrossthe grain.
If
you want more strength at thenock, insert a thin slip of fiber or plastic.Aluminum or molded-plastic nocks
are
POPULAR
MECHANICS

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