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08 Garageband

08 Garageband

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Published by Juweei Yüm
Enxa classmates inedit ko na yan nremove ko ln ung pics :))
Enxa classmates inedit ko na yan nremove ko ln ung pics :))

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Published by: Juweei Yüm on Sep 03, 2011
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Mac 101: GarageBand
Summary
Apple computers havelong been the tool of choice for recordingprofessionals around theworld, but you don't needthousands of dollarsworth of gear and a record producer tomake professional-sounding recordings.With GarageBand, all you need is anappreciation for music.Whether you want to record your musicalperformances or build up a song usingloops, anyone can create a masterpiece withGarageBand.GarageBand is a multitrack recordingapplication that contains a completecollection of audio tools for experiencedrecording veterans and novices alike. Youcan record real audio pieces, play withsoftware instruments, create parts usingApple Loops, add effects, mix your musicand play it all back with iTunes or include inyour iMovies.
History
 
GarageBand was developed by Apple under thedirection of Dr. Gerhard Lengeling, formerly of the German companyEmagic,makers of Logic Audio.(Emagic was acquired by Apple in July2002.) The application was announced duringSteve Jobs
s keynote speech at the
MacworldConference & ExpoinSan Franciscoon 6  January 2004; musicianJohn Mayerassistedwith its demonstration.GarageBand 2 was announced at the(2005)Macworld Conference & Expoon January11, 2005. It shipped, as announced, around 22 January 2005. Major new features included theabilities to view and edit music inmusicalnotation,to record up to 8 tracks at once, to fixtiming andpitchof recordings, to automatetrack pan position, master volume, and masterpitch, to transpose both audio and MIDI, and toimport MIDI files.
GarageBand 3, announced at 2006’s Macworld
Conference & Expo, includes a'podcaststudio',including the ability to use more than 200effects and jingles, and integrationwithiChatfor remote interviews.GarageBand 4, aka GarageBand '08, is partof iLife'08. It incorporates the ability to recordseparately sections of a song such asbridges, andchorus lines,support for automationof temposand instruments, create and exportiPhone ringtones, and a "Magic GarageBand"feature which includes a virtualjamsessionwith a complete 3D view of theinstruments.GarageBand 5 is part of theiLife'09 package. Itincludes music instruction. It allows the user tobuy instructional videos by contemporaryartists. It also contains new features for electricguitar players, including a dedicated 3D ElectricGuitar Track containing a virtual stompboxpedalboard, andvirtual amplifierswith springreverb and tremolo. GarageBand 5 also includesa cleaner and redesigned user interface, as wellas Project Templates.GarageBand 6, also known as GarageBand '11,is part of theiLife'11 package, which wasreleased on October 20, 2010. This versionbrings new features, such as Flex Time, a toolto adjust the rhythm of a recording; the abilityto match the tempo of one track with anotherinstantly; additional guitar amps andstompboxes; 22 new lessons for guitar andpiano; and How Did I Play?, a tool to measurethe accuracy and progress of a piano or guitarperformance in a lesson.
Interface
 
GarageBand has a standard multi-trackdrag-and-drop interface where different (pre-)recorded sections, or loops, are strung togetheron separate tracks. The program comes withpre-made loops to speed up song creation.GarageBand uses two types of media:softwareinstruments(either recorded from GarageBandor imported fromMIDIfiles), and realinstruments (either recorded or imported audiofiles).Software instruments are instruments built intothe application similar to a synthesizer, andappear green in GarageBand. The softwareinstruments included in the retail version of GarageBand range from a Grand Piano, tosynth-based effects. More instruments may bepurchased via Apple's Jam Packs or third-partysoftware. There are several ways of recording asoftware instrument section, but the preferablemethod is to connect a MIDI keyboard using aUSB cable or a MIDI interface, and have thesession recorded in GarageBand. GarageBandalso includes both an on-screen Grand Piano,and a "Musical Typing" window.The versatility of software instruments extendsto the pre-made loops provided by Apple. Forinstance, a loop designed for an electric pianocould be placed on a church organ track tocreate a more religious feel. In addition to astandard piano-roll editing system (withmusical notes presented on the vertical axis,and time or beats presented on the horizontalaxis), GarageBand can compile real musicalnotation based on the (pre-) recorded track.Starting with GarageBand 4 ('08), this notationcan be printed. Notes can be added; modifiedin length, position or pitch; or deleted.The other type of track is called a "RealInstrument" track presented in blue. Using amicrophone or plugging the instrument directlyin (or through an audio interface/mixer), youcan record an instrument being played orvocals. You can apply several effects to thewaveform such as "Glam" if you wanted anelectrical guitar sound or "Deeper Vocals" topitch down a particular track. GarageBand canconvert software instrument loops into realinstrument loops to reduceCPUoverhead.Both tracks can be used together in the finalproduction. A software instrument drum linecould loop continuously, a real instrument trackplays a melody recorded on the trombone,while a third track plays separately recordedvocals.Software, Real, and Electric Guitar Tracks can allbe edited using the Track Editor, wherecommon copy, split, paste commands can beused. Also, all of these tracks can be furthermanipulated by advanced functions such asEnhance Tuning also known as Auto Tuning,Enhance Timing, and Transposing.From GarageBand 3 onwards, a movie track canbe added to allow for accurate film scoring, anda Podcast track can also be added to provide aphoto stream for iPods with screens.
Features of GarageBand
 
Audio recordingGarageBand is a streamlineddigital audioworkstation(DAW) andmusic sequencer,which can record and play back multiple tracks of audio. Built-in audio filters allow the user toenhance the audio track for recording guitarinstruments, etc. The tuning system can alsoeffectively imitate theauto-tuneeffect whentuned to the maximum.Virtual software instrumentsGarageBand can play realistic, sampledinstruments, used for creating songs or playingmusic live using over 100 sampledorsynthesizedinstruments, which can beplayed using a USB orMIDI keyboardconnectedto the computer, or using an on-screenvirtualkeyboard.Additional instruments are available in the five
GarageBand Jam Packs 
, which are separate expansion packs offered byApple. Some of the virtual instruments include:piano, various drum kits, guitar, bass guitar,and a wide variety of synthesizers. Thesynthesizers are broken into 2 groups; (virtual)analog and digital. Each synthesizer has a widevariety of editing options. These often includerichness, glide, cut off, standard attack, decaysustain and release.MIDI editingGarageBand can importMIDIfiles, and offerspiano roll or notation-style editing andplayback. Whilst offering a comprehensivecontrol over MIDI files, Garageband does notinclude several key features, such as asequencer for drum tracks. However, many of these shortcomings have been addressed witheach successive release of Garageband.Music lessons
 
A new feature of GarageBand '09 is the abilityto download pre-recorded music lessons fromGarageBand's Lesson Store for guitar and piano.There are two types of lesson available in theLesson Store:
Basic Lessons 
which are a freedownload and
Artist Lessons 
which must bepurchased. The first Basic Lessons for bothguitar and piano are included with GarageBand.In both types of lesson a music teacherpresents the lesson which is in a special formatoffering high quality video and audioinstructions. The lessons include a virtualguitar or piano which demonstrates fingerposition and a musical notational area to showthe correct musical notations. The musicexamples used in these lessons featurespopular music.In an
Artist Lesson 
the music teacher is theactual famous musician and songwriter whocomposed the song being taught in the lesson.As of November 2009 the artists featuredare:Sting(
,
,
, 
, 
, 
, 
, 
).No new Artist Lessons have been released in2010, and Apple has not announced plans torelease any more.
GLOSSARY
AmpShort for amplifier, especially an electric guitaramplifier. The two types of guitar amp are acombo and a stack. GarageBand includes avariety of ampmodels that simulate the sound of a famousguitar amplifiers.audioSound, especially when recorded or transferredto an electrical signal.automationMethod of creating changes over time in aproject. In GarageBand, you automate volume,pan, tempo, and other parameters by addingcontrolpoints to automation curves, then dragging thecontrol points to change the value of theparameter over time.beatThe regular, repeating rhythmic pulse of asong.bpmAbbreviation for beats per minute, the measureof the tempo of a song.chorus(1) A section of a song which is usuallyrepeated between each verse. (2) An effect inwhich copies of the original sound are playedback later. Each copyis played back slightly out of tune from theoriginal. Used to create the sound of severalvoices or instruments playing together.clippingDistortion caused when the volume levelexceeds the maximum that can be accuratelyreproduced. See distortion.comboA guitar amplifier in which the amplifierelectronics and the speaker are together in thesame cabinet.compressorAn effect in which the difference between theloudest and softest parts of a song or track isdecreased. Compression can add punch andfocus to a song,and make the song sound better when playedon equipment with a narrower dynamic range.decibelAbbreviated as dB. A unit of measure for thevolume or loudness of a sound. The decibelscale is a logarithmic scale in which 1 dB isapproximately thesmallest change in volume audible to humanears.distortionThe effect produced when the volume levelexceeds the maximum that can be accuratelyreproduced. Heard as a sharp, crackling sound,which isundesirable in most circumstances.dynamic(1) A change occurring over time. (2) The rangefrom the lowest to the highest volume level,called dynamic range.echoAn effect in which copies of the original soundare played back later in time, often creating thesense of the sound happening in a large space.Sometimes called delay.effectA device, or computer algorithm, used toproduce a change to an audio signal. Popularmusic styles use a variety of effects to addcharacter to sounds. Examples of commoneffects include compression, equalizer (EQ),echo, and reverb. GarageBand includes a varietyof professional-quality effects, includingstompbox effects for electric guitars.EQ Abbreviated form of equalizer or equalization.A widely-used effect in which specificfrequencies of a sound are increased ordecreased in volume. Usingan equalizer can produce both subtle anddramatic changes in the quality of a sound.GarageBand includes several types of EQ effects, including Bass Reduction, TrebleReduction, and Visual EQ.flangerAn effect similar to a chorus, but in which thecopies of the sound are also played back moreout of tune from the original signal. See alsophaser.gainEquivalent to volume. Specifically, an increasein the level of an electronic audio signal.introIn a song, the beginning, usually lasting untilthe start of the first verse.keyMusical term for a musical scale starting on aspecific note or pitch. That note is called theroot or tonic of the scale.mashupA song created by mixing together pieces of other songs.measureA regular group of beats, heard together as alarger rhythmic unit.metronomeA device that marks regular intervals of time,such as musical beats, by sounding a click.MIDIAcronym for Musical Instrument DigitalInterface. A standard protocol used forcommunication between electronic musicalinstruments and computers.You can play the Software Instruments inGarageBand using a MIDIcompatible musickeyboard.mixTo blend the parts of a song together into acohesive whole. You mix a song by adjustingtrack volume and pan levels, adding effects,and making changes to the master track.noteMusical term for the pitch or frequency of asound. Most common scales, including themajor and minor scales, have 7 notes. Thechromatic scale has 12 notes.octaveMusical term for a note either twice or half thepitch of another note. There are 12 semitonesbetween notes an octave apart.outroThe final part of a song, often repeated overand over while the sound fades out.panShort for panorama. The position of a sound inthe stereo field between the left and rightspeakers. An instrument's pan position helpscreate the sense of where the instrument existsin space.

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