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Random Nursing Facts Reviewer

Random Nursing Facts Reviewer

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Published by Kira
visit this sites for more references http://www.enurse-careplan.com/ thank you very much and your feedback is very much appreciated.
visit this sites for more references http://www.enurse-careplan.com/ thank you very much and your feedback is very much appreciated.

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Published by: Kira on Oct 05, 2008
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10/10/2012

 
Part I1) The client is for EEG this morning. Prepare him for the procedure by renderinghair shampoo, excluding caffeine from his meal & instructing the client to remain stillduring the procedure.2) If the client w/ increased ICP demonstrates decorticate posturing, observe forflexion of elbows, extension of the knees, plantar flexion of the feet,3) The nursing diagnosis that would have the highest priority in the care of the clientwho has become comatose following cerebral hemorrhage is Ineffective AirwayClearance.5) The initial nursing action—for a client who is in the clonic phase of a tonic-clonicseizure—is to obtain equipment for orotracheal suctioning.6) The first nursing intervention in a quadriplegic client who is experiencingautonomic dysreflexia is to elevate his head as high as possible.7) Following surgery for a brain tumor near the hypothalamus, the nursingassessment should include observing for inability to regulate body temp.8) Post-myelogram (using metrizamide (Amipaque) care includes keeping headelevated for at least 8 hrs.9) Homonymous hemianopsia is described by a client had CVA & can only see thenasal visual field on one side & the temporal portion on the opposite side.10) Ticlopidine may be prescribed to prevent thromboembolic CVA.11) To maintain airway patency during a stroke in evolution, have orotrachealsuction available at all times.12) For a client w/ CVA, the gag reflux must return before the client is fed.13) Clear fluids draining from the nose of a client who had a head trauma 3 hrs agomay indicate basilar skull fracture.14) An adverse effect of gingival hyperplasia may occur during Phenytoin (DIlantin)therapy.15) Urine output increased: best shows that the mannitol is effective in a client w/increased ICP.16) A client w/ C6 spinal injury would most likely have the symptom of quadriplegia.Part II
 
1) Myasthenia gravis (MG) is caused by the destruction of acetylcholine receptorscausing muscle weakness.2) Ptosis is an early sign commonly seen in MG.3) Prepare to administer atropine sulfate when the client reports difficultyswallowing & excessive respiratory secretions one hour after receiving pyridostigminebromide (Mestinon).4) Observe for muscle rigidity when evaluating for the extent of Parkinson’s disease.5) Parkinson’s disease is best described as the degeneration of the substantia nigra,depleting dopamine.7) To evaluate effectiveness of levodopa/carbidopa, observe for lessened rigidity &tremors.8) Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is pathophysiologically characterized by demyelination othe nerve fibers interfering w/ nerve transmission.10) Stress may exacerbate multiple sclerosis.11) Baclofen (Lioresal) may be used to decrease spasticity in the client w/ multiplesclerosis.12) When the client experiences Diplopia, patch one eye w/ eye pad.
Care of the Musculoskeletal Disorders (UDAN)
1) Bone scan is done by injecting radioisotope per IV & X-rays are taken.2) To prevent edema edema on the site of sprain, apply cold compress on the area forthe 1
st
24 hrs4) To turn the client after lumbar Laminectomy, use logrolling technique6) Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs due to the injury of median nerve.7) Massaging the back of the head is specifically important for the client w/Crutchfield tong.8) A 1 yr old child has a fracture of the L femur. He is placed in Bryant’s traction.The reason for elevation of his both legs at 90 deg. angle is his weight isn’t adequate toprovide sufficient countertraction, so his entire body must be used.
 
13) Swing-through crutch gait is done by advancing both crutches together & theclient moves both legs past the level of the crutches.14) The appropriate nursing measure to prevent displacement of the prosthesis aftera right total hip replacement for arthritis is to place the patient in the position of rightleg abducted.15) Pain on non-use of joints, subcutaneous nodules & elevated ESR arecharacteristic manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis.16) Teaching program of a patient w/ SLE should include emphasis on walking inshaded area.Part I1) Snellen’s Test assesses visual acuity.2) Presbyopia is an eye disorder characterized by lessening of the effective powers oaccommodation.4) The primary problem in cataract is blurring of vision.6) The primary reason for performing iridectomy after cataract extraction is toprevent secondary glaucoma.8) In acute glaucoma, the obstruction of the flow of aqueous humor is caused bydisplacement of the iris.9) Glaucoma is characterized by irreversible blindness.12) Hyperopia is corrected by convex lens.13) Pterygium is caused primarily by exposure to dust.14) A sterile chronic granulomatous inflammation of the meibomian gland ischalazion.15) The surgical procedure w/c involves removal of the eyeball is enucleation.Part II

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