1) Myasthenia gravis (MG) is caused by the destruction of acetylcholine receptorscausing muscle weakness.2) Ptosis is an early sign commonly seen in MG.3) Prepare to administer atropine sulfate when the client reports difficultyswallowing & excessive respiratory secretions one hour after receiving pyridostigminebromide (Mestinon).4) Observe for muscle rigidity when evaluating for the extent of Parkinson’s disease.5) Parkinson’s disease is best described as the degeneration of the substantia nigra,depleting dopamine.7) To evaluate effectiveness of levodopa/carbidopa, observe for lessened rigidity &tremors.8) Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is pathophysiologically characterized by demyelination of the nerve fibers interfering w/ nerve transmission.10) Stress may exacerbate multiple sclerosis.11) Baclofen (Lioresal) may be used to decrease spasticity in the client w/ multiplesclerosis.12) When the client experiences Diplopia, patch one eye w/ eye pad.
Care of the Musculoskeletal Disorders (UDAN)
1) Bone scan is done by injecting radioisotope per IV & X-rays are taken.2) To prevent edema edema on the site of sprain, apply cold compress on the area forthe 1
24 hrs4) To turn the client after lumbar Laminectomy, use logrolling technique6) Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs due to the injury of median nerve.7) Massaging the back of the head is specifically important for the client w/Crutchfield tong.8) A 1 yr old child has a fracture of the L femur. He is placed in Bryant’s traction.The reason for elevation of his both legs at 90 deg. angle is his weight isn’t adequate toprovide sufficient countertraction, so his entire body must be used.