Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Board Exam 5

Board Exam 5

Ratings:

4.5

(4)
|Views: 722|Likes:
Published by Kira
visit this sites for more references http://www.enurse-careplan.com/ thank you very much and your feedback is very much appreciated.
visit this sites for more references http://www.enurse-careplan.com/ thank you very much and your feedback is very much appreciated.

More info:

Published by: Kira on Oct 05, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/10/2012

 
FUNDAMENTALS OF NURSING TEST I
Content Outline1. Professional NursingA. Historical perspectives in nursingB. Nursing as a professionC. Theories in nursingD. Health care delivery system1. The four major concepts in nursing theory are theA. Person, Environment, Nurse, HealthB. Nurse, Person, Environment, CureC. Promotive, Preventive, Curative, RehabilitativeD. Person, Environment, Nursing, Health* This is an actual board exam question and is a common board question. Theorist alwaysdescribes The nursing profession by first defining what is NURSING, followed by thePERSON, ENVIRONMENT and HEALTH CONCEPT. The most popular theory was perhaps Nightingale’s. She defined nursing as the utilization of the persons environment toassist him towards recovery. She defined the person as somebody who has a reparativecapabilities mediated and enhanced by factors in his environment. She describes theenvironment as something that would facilitate the person’s reparative process andidentified different factors like sanitation, noise, etc. that affects a person’s reparative state.2. The act of utilizing the environment of the patient to assist him in his recovery istheorized byA. NightingaleB. Benner C. SwansonD. King* Florence nightingale do not believe in the germ theory, and perhaps this was her biggestmistake. Yet, her theory was the first in nursing. She believed that manipulation of environment that includes appropriate noise, nutrition, hygiene, light, comfort, sanitationetc. could provide the client’s body the nurturance it needs for repair and recovery.3. For her, Nursing is a theoretical system of knowledge that prescribes a process of analysis and action related to care of the ill personA. KingB. HendersonC. RoyD. Leininger 
 
* Remember the word “ THEOROYTICAL “ For Callista Roy, Nursing is a theoretical body of knowledge that prescribes analysis and action to care for an ill person. Sheintroduced the ADAPTATION MODEL and viewed person as a BIOSPSYCHOSOCIALBEING. She believed that by adaptation, Man can maintain homeostasis.4. According to her, Nursing is a helping or assistive profession to persons who are whollyor partly dependent or when those who are supposedly caring for them are no longer able togive care.A. HendersonB. OremC. SwansonD. Neuman* In self care deficit theory, Nursing is defined as A helping or assistive profession to person who are wholly or partly dependent or when people who are to give care to them areno longer available. Self care, are the activities that a person do for himself to maintainhealth, life and well being.5. Nursing is a unique profession, Concerned with all the variables affecting an individual’sresponse to stressors, which are intra, inter and extra personal in nature.A. NeumanB. JohnsonC. WatsonD. Parse* Neuman divided stressors as either intra, inter and extra personal in nature. She said that NURSING is concerned with eliminating these stressors to obtain a maximum level of wellness. The nurse helps the client through PRIMARY, SECONDARY AND TERTIARY prevention modes. Please do not confuse this with LEAVELL and CLARK’S level of  prevention.6. The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health that he would perform unaided if hehas the necessary strength, will and knowledge, and do this in such a way as to help himgain independence as rapidly as possible.A. HendersonB. AbdellahC. LevinD. Peplau* This was an actual board question. Remember this definition and associate it withVirginia Henderson. Henderson also describes the NATURE OF NURSING theory. She
 
identified 14 basic needs of the client. She describes nursing roles as SUBSTITUTIVE :Doing everything for the client, SUPPLEMENTARY : Helping the client andCOMPLEMENTARY : Working with the client. Breathing normally, Eliminating waste,Eating and drinking adquately, Worship and Play are some of the basic needs according toher.7. Caring is the essence and central unifying, a dominant domain that distinguishes nursingfrom other health disciplines. Care is an essential human need.A. Benner B. WatsonC. Leininger D. Swanson* There are many theorist that describes nursing as CARE. The most popular was JEANWATSON'S Human Caring Model. But this question pertains to Leininger's definition of caring. CUD I LIE IN GER? [ Could I Lie In There ] Is the Mnemonics I am using not toget confused. C stands for CENTRAL , U stands for UNIFYING, D stands for DOMINANT DOMAIN. I emphasize on this matter due to feedback on the last June 2006 batch about a question about CARING.8. Caring involves 5 processes, KNOWING, BEING WITH, DOING FOR, ENABLINGand MAINTAINING BELIEF.A. Benner B. WatsonC. Leininger D. Swanson* Caring according to Swanson involves 5 processes. Knowing means understanding theclient. Being with emphasizes the Physical presence of the nurse for the patient. Doing for means doing things for the patient when he is incapable of doing it for himself. Enablingmeans helping client transcend maturational and developmental stressors in life whileMaintaining belief is the ability of the Nurse to inculcate meaning to these events.9. Caring is healing, it is communicated through the consciousness of the nurse to theindividual being cared for. It allows access to higher human spirit.A. Benner B. WatsonC. Leininger D. Swanson* The deepest and spiritual definition of Caring came from Jean watson. For her, Caringexpands the limits of openess and allows access to higher human spirit.10. Caring means that person, events, projects and things matter to people. It reveals stressand coping options. Caring creates responsibility. It is an inherent feature of nursing practice. It helps the nurse assist clients to recover in the face of the illness.

Activity (2)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->