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Trench Design 17-04-2011

Trench Design 17-04-2011

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Published by Dawson Preethi EA
Trench Design for cabling work of power plant.
Trench Design for cabling work of power plant.

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Published by: Dawson Preethi EA on Sep 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/13/2013

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 Design of Trench
Design of Trench between Generator and Transformer:
 foundation data:
Generator Weight, wgwg
400
kN
:=
[actual Generator Weight is less than 300kN,factored by 1.33 hence Design Load of Generator.]footing dimensions for foundation,lf1
9.9
m
:=
lf2
0.6
m
:=
lf3
2.5
m
:=
LTlf1lf2
+
lf3
+
13
m
=:=
bf
3
m
:=
hf1
400
mm
:=
0 to lf1 [different heights by parts of foundation along length.]hf2
600
mm
:=
along lf3plain concrete dimensions,lp
13.2
m
:=
bp
3.2
m
:=
hp
75
mm
:=
weight of foundation, wf
γ
conc
24
kNm
3
:=
γ
concp
22
kNm
3
:=
wf
γ
conclf1
bf
hf1
γ
conclf2
bf
hf1hf2
+
2
 
 
  
 
 
+
γ
conclf3
bf
hf2
+
γ
concplp
bp
hp
+:=
wf
484.416
kN
=
total service load on soil ,RsRswfwg
+:=
Rs
884.416
kN
=
total service stress on soil, σss
σ
ssRsLTbf
:=
σ
ss
22.677
kNm
2
=
Design Load on Foundation, RdRd
1.4
wf
1.5
wg
+:=
factored loadingRd
1278.182
kN
=
Design Stress on soil, σds
σ
dsRdLTbf
:=
ignoring plain concrete dimensions
σ
ds
32.774
kNm
2
=
El Madar for Engineering Projects.1 of 12DP
 
Soil Bearing Capacity as per the Soil Report,SBC
1.2
bar 
:=
σ
dsSBC
<
1
=
OKSBC
120
kNm
2
=
factor_of_safety_foundationSBC
σ
ds
3.661
=:=
fy
460
Nmm
2
:=
fcu
28
MPa
:=
γ
s
18
kNm
3
:=
Pressure applied on vertical face of Trench generated from Generator Foundation,
ϕ
30
deg
:=
ka
1
sin
ϕ
( )
1
sin
ϕ
( )
+:=
kp
1
ka
:=
Passive Coefficient of Soil , Kp andCohesion Intercept ,Cs.Cs
5
kNm
2
:=
lateral Pressure, P1lat at hx below foundation,hx
105
mm
:=
P1_lathx
( )
ka
σ
ds
bfLT
bf
2
hx
+
( )
LT
2
hx
+
( )
:=
P1_lathx
( )
10.048
kNm
2
=
El Madar for Engineering Projects.2 of 12DP
 
Total Lateral Force on Vertical Face of Trench,P1_lathx
170
mm
+
( )
8.857
kNm
2
=
P1_total_lat
hxhx
170
mm
+
hxP1_lathx
( )
⌠ 
d
    
5
m
:=
 
P1_total_lat
8.017
kN
=
The ressisting Passive Force from soil in the other side of the Trench,
Hx
625
mm
:=
P2_latkpHx
γ
s
( )
Hx
2
 
 
5
m
:=
P2_lat
52.734
kN
=
This length considered is 5m which
 
is greater than the actual 2.8m for counting the effect of lateral loadon perpendicular direction ofother Trench.factor_of_safety_for_lateral_pressureP2_latP1_total_lat
:=
factor_of_safety_for_lateral_pressure
6.578
=
OKThis Lateral Stability was checked ignoring the Frictional Ressistance from bottom of the Trench, hencethis calculated Factor of Safety is less than the actual, hence very safe.
 Design of Trench between Generator and Transformer Foundations
for this Trench , the structural loadings related are vertical loading of concrete covers, imposed load,lateral active force from backfill, generator dispersed lateral load and selfweight of Trench.concrete cover load, P1P1
γ
conc
100
mm
:=
P1
2.4
kNm
2
=
Imposed load ,P2 ,P2
7.5
kNm
2
:=
reference
BS 6399: 1996-Part 1: Code of practice for dead and imposed loads
Table 1 - Minimum imposed floor loads, provision for "Plant rooms, boiler rooms,fan rooms, etc.,including weight of machinery".lateral active force from backfill,P3,P3kaHx
γ
s
( )
Hx
2
 
 
5
m
:=
P3
5.859
kN
=
generator dispersed lateral load.P4,P4P1_total_lat
:=
P4
8.017
kN
=
self weight of the Trench, P5,
El Madar for Engineering Projects.3 of 12DP

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