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Simbolismul

Simbolismul

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Published by michaelkrieger

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Published by: michaelkrieger on Oct 05, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/01/2013

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Este un curent literar aparut la sfarsitul secolului al 19lea in Franta si in Belgia francofona,ca o reactie impotriva:
a)
Romantismului retoric b)parnasianismuluic)naturalismuluiIn fapt, simbolismul reprezinta o prelungire a romantismului (de la care a preluat marileteme si motive) din perspective unei sensibilitati moderne.Simbolismul este un current
cosmopolit
(aparut in marile orase, la confluentacurentelor) de anvergura europeana.Teoreticianlul simbolismului francez a fost poetul jean Moréas in articolul“Simbolismul”.
 REPREZENTANTI: -
Verlaine
-
Rimbaud
-
Malarmé
-
Baudelaire (face trecerea de la parnasianism lasimbolism)Simbolisti romani: Macedonski (teoreticianul simbolismului romanescin articolele:“Poezia viitorului”“Logica poeziei”“Decadentismul”Dimitrie AnghelStefan PeticaElena FaragoIon MinulescuGeorge Bacovia
1) TRASATURILE SIMBOLISMULUI
→ principala figura de stil este simbolul (cultivarea simbolului ca figura de stilcentrala)
Clasificarea simbolurilor:
a)spatiale: parcul, gradina b)temporale: toamna, amurgul, ninsoarea, ploaia, zborul.c)cromatice: culorile
d)
vegetale si senzoriale: flori, copaci, parfumuri.e)ale universului sufletesc: plansul, regretele, singuratatea.
f)
estetizante (artistice): statui, lebedele albe, versurile, poezia, muzica, instrumentelemuzicale, pietre pretioase, matase, catifea.

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