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Proof of Gauss' (Divergence) Theorem

# Proof of Gauss' (Divergence) Theorem

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10/17/2013

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PROOF of GAUSS’ (DIVERGENCE) THEOREM

Consider the flux of vector field over closed surface,

Where
̂
 ̂


           
Writing
∯(
̂
 ̂
)

̂

 ̂
∯(
)

Consider last integral
∯(
)

Suppose we can show the closed surface with two different functions, shown below.Unit normal vector,

For
Let




|
||
|
̂
̂
̂
To make it outwards we should choose that k component is positive,
|
|
̂
 ̂
For
Let




|
||
|
̂
 ̂
To make it outwards we should choose that k component is negative,
|
|
̂
 ̂
And
∯(
)
∬(

)
∬(

)

∬(

)
∬(

)

Take dS for S
1

We know that

Take dS for S
2


Substitute all,
,
-
,
-

,
-
,
-