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Inequalities in Crux (No Solutions)

# Inequalities in Crux (No Solutions)

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07/13/2013

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Inequalities proposed in
“Crux Mathematicorum”
(from vol. 1, no. 1 to vol. 4, no. 2 known as “Eureka”)
Complete and up-to-date: October 7, 2006The best problem solving journal all over the world; visit
http://journals.cms.math.ca/CRUX/
(An asterisk (
) after a number indicates that a problem was proposed without a solution.)
2.
Proposed by eo Saue, Algonquin College.
A rectangular array of
m
rows and
n
columns contains
mn
distinct real numbers. For
i
=1
,
2
,...,m
, let
s
i
denote the smallest number of the
i
th
row; and for
j
= 1
,
2
,...,n
, let
l
j
denotethe largest number of the
j
th
column. Let
A
= max
{
s
i
}
and
B
= min
{
l
j
}
. Compare
A
and
B
.
14.
Proposed by Viktors Linis, University of Ottawa.
If
a,b,c
are lengths of three segments which can form a triangle, show the same for
1
a
+
c
,
1
b
+
c
,
1
a
+
b
.
17.
Proposed by Viktors Linis, University of Ottawa.
Prove the inequality12
·
34
·
56
···
9999991000000
<
11000
.
23.
Proposed by eo Saue, Coll`ege Algonquin.
eterminer s’il existe une suite
{
u
n
}
d’entiers naturels telle que, pour
n
= 1
,
2
,
3
,...
, on ait2
u
n
<
2
n
+ 1
<
2
1+
u
n
25.
Proposed by Viktors Linis, University of Ottawa.
Find the smallest positive value of 36
k
5
l
where
k
and
l
are positive integers.
29.
Proposed by Viktors Linis, University of Ottawa.
Cut a square into a minimal number of triangles with all angles acute.
36.
Proposed by eo Saue, Coll`ege Algonquin.
Si
m
et
n
sont des entiers positifs, montrer quesin
2
m
θ
cos
2
n
θ
m
m
n
n
(
m
+
n
)
m
+
n
,
et d`eterminer les valeurs de
θ
pour lesquelles il y a ´egalit´e.
54.
Proposed by eo Saue, Coll`ege Algonquin.
Si
a,b,c >
0 et
a < b
+
c
, montrer que
a
1 +
a<b
1 +
b
+
c
1 +
c.
66.
Proposed by John Thomas, University of Ottawa.
What is the largest non-trivial subgroup of the group of permutations on
n
elements?
74.
Proposed by Viktors Linis, University of Ottawa.
Prove that if the sides
a,b,c
of a triangle satisfy
a
2
+
b
2
=
kc
2
, then
k >
12
.
1

75.
Proposed by R. Duﬀ Butterill, Ottawa Board of Education.
is the midpoint of chord
AB
of the circle with centre
shownin the ﬁgure. Prove that
RS > MN
.
A B M  N P RS
79.
Proposed by John Thomas, University of Ottawa.
Show that, for
x >
0,

x
+1
x
sin(
t
2
)d
t
<
2
x
2
.
84.
Proposed by Viktors Linis, University of Ottawa.
Prove that for any positive integer
n
n
n <
1 +

2
n.
98.
Proposed by Viktors Linis, University of Ottawa.
Prove that, if 0
< a < b
, thenln
b
2
a
2
<ba
ab.
100.
Proposed by eo Sauv´e, Coll`ege Algonquin.
Soit
une fonction num´erique continue et non egative pour tout
x
0. On suppose qu’il existeun nombre eel
a >
0 tel que, pout tout
x >
0,
(
x
)
a

x
0
(
t
)d
t.
Montrer que la fonction
est nulle.
106.
Proposed by Viktors Linis, University of Ottawa.
Prove that, for any quadrilateral with sides
a,b,c,d
,
a
2
+
b
2
+
c
2
>
13
d
2
.
108.
Proposed by Viktors Linis, University of Ottawa.
Prove that, for all integers
n
2,
n
k
=1
1
k
2
>
3
n
2
n
+ 1
.
110.
Proposed by H. G. Dworschak, Algonquin College.
(a) Let
AB
and
PR
be two chords of a circle intersecting at
Q
. If
A
,
B
, and
are kept ﬁxed, characterize geometrically the positionof
R
for which the length of
QR
is maximal. (See ﬁgure).(b) Give a Euclidean construction for the point
R
which maximizesthe length of
QR
, or show that no such construction is possible.
A BQP R
115.
Proposed by Viktors Linis, University of Ottawa.
Prove the following inequality of Huygens:2sin
α
+ tan
α
3
α,
0
α <π
2
.
2

119.
Proposed by John A. Tierney, United States Naval Academy.
A line through the ﬁrst quadrant point (
a,b
) forms a right triangle with the positive coordinateaxes. Find analytically the minimum perimeter of the triangle.
120.
Proposed by John A. Tierney, United States Naval Academy.
Given a point
inside an arbitrary angle, give a Euclidean construction of the line through
that determines with the sides of the angle a triangle(a) of minimum area;(b) of minimum perimeter.
135.
Proposed by Steven R. Conrad, Benjamin N. Cardozo H. S., Bayside, N. Y.
How many 3
×
5 rectangular pieces of cardboard can be cut from a 17
×
22 rectangular piece of cardboard so that the amount of waste is a minimum?
145.
Proposed by Walter Bluger, Department of National Health and Welfare.
A
pentagram
is a set of 10 points consisting of the vertices and the intersections of the diagonalsof a regular pentagon with an integer assigned to each point. The pentagram is said to be
magic
if the sums of all sets of 4 collinear points are equal.Construct a magic pentagram with the smallest possible positive primes.
150.
Proposed by Kenneth S. Williams, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario.
If
x
denotes the greatest integer
x
, it is trivially true that
32
k
>
3
k
2
k
2
k
for
k
1
,
and it seems to be a hard conjecture (see G. H. Hardy & E. M. Wright,
An Introduction to theTheory of Numbers
, 4th edition, Oxford University Press 1960, p. 337, condition (f)) that
32
k
3
k
2
k
+ 22
k
1for
k
4
.
Can one ﬁnd a function
(
k
) such that
32
k
(
k
)with
(
k
) between
3
k
2
k
2
k
and
3
k
2
k
+22
k
1
?
160.
Proposed by Viktors Linis, University of Ottawa.
Find the integral part of
10
9
n
=1
n
23
.This problem is taken from the list submitted for the 1975 Canadian Mathematics Olympiad(but not used on the actual exam).
162.
Proposed by Viktors Linis, University of Ottawa.
If
x
0
= 5 and
x
n
+1
=
x
n
+
1
x
n
, show that45
< x
1000
<
45
.
1
.
This problem is taken from the list submitted for the 1975 Canadian Mathematics Olympiad(but not used on the actual exam).
3